THE RELEVANCE OF A BABIES PLAY COT IN THE ESTABLISHMENT OF A CRÈCHE

THE RELEVANCE OF A BABIES PLAY COT IN THE ESTABLISHMENT OF A CRÈCHE

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1     BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY

An infant bed (commonly called a cot in British English, and, in American English, a crib or cradle, or far less commonly, stock) is a small bed especially for infants and very young children. Infant beds are a historically recent development intended to contain a child capable of standing. The cage-like design of infant beds restricts the child to the bed. Around two or three years of age, children are able to climb out and are moved to a toddler bed to prevent an injurious fall while escaping the bed.

Cot bed can be a warm and relaxing time of the day for children and caregivers. Providing a calm environment, comforting practices and allowing for the individual needs of young children will help make naptime peaceful. Since children have different needs for rest, some may not sleep. You can’t force a child to sleep but you can insist upon a quiet rest time. It may take several weeks to establish a routine but it is worth the effort since both staff and children enjoy the benefits.

For all children, a quiet, calming environment will help promote rest. Dimming lights and playing quiet music can help soothe children to sleep. A designated napping area with individually labeled cribs is a necessity in any infant room. Infants have natural sleeping and waking rhythms, and child care providers should respond sensitively when infants need to sleep. It is important to recognize that sleeping schedules will be different for all infants.

The name “crib” was used to describe a slatted, high-sided child’s bed. It derives from the Old English word “cribb” which means “manger” (food trough, referring to the shape of a bassinette) or stall (implying corralling the child).

It wasn’t until the 19th century that infant beds developed from bassinettes, acquiring a role of keeping the child in their bed. The development of a distinction between infant beds and bassinettes was natural because it was “considered vital that the child’s bed be raised off the ground.” This was due to a perception of noxious fumes below knee level, and explosive vapors near the ceiling, with good air in between. Once children’s beds were raised off the ground the role of the sides changed from a convenience to a safety feature.

It was recognised that once children learn to stand they may be able to get out of a bed with low sides. According to an expert of the time, infant beds were used once the child was 12 months old. Often one side was hinged to open the enclosure, a function fulfilled in modern infant beds with a drop side. With the hinge side lowered, the bed could be moved on casters, and they could be moved right up to the career’s bed when needed.

Iron beds were developed in 17th century Italy to address concerns about bed bug infestation and moths This new application was quickly extended to children’s beds – a rock able iron bassinette (with spear-like corner posts) has been dated to 1620-1640. Proponents promoted the supposed health benefits of iron beds. Infant beds constructed from metal became popular during the later half of the 19th century. Infant beds (and bassinettes) constructed from iron with mesh or chain sides were common. Childcare experts gave iron beds their approval because it was hygienic material (compared with wood) and could not “habour vermin”, of which bed bug infestation, lice and moths were cited concerns. Commonly painted with a white vitreous enamel, later manufacturers working with wood continued to paint in the now traditional white; unfortunately this was often lead paint, and children were notorious for chewing and sucking the sweet surface.

Since 1938, babies in Finland have slept in cardboard boxes with a mattress in the bottom, which are distributed to expectant mothers as a “maternity package” containing baby supplies.

1.2     STATEMENTS OF THE STUDY 

When babies are born they have no sense of night and day. They learn this from the behaviour of human beings around them. The tradition in some continental countries is that people go to sleep much later in the evening and have a siesta in the afternoon. Babies brought up in that sort of environment will learn that kind of sleep pattern.

It is therefore quite normal at the beginning of life to have a chaotic sleep pattern. Babies seem to feed and sleep on a continuous basis throughout about 24 hours, although within a matter of a week or two some of that sleep will clump together, although not always at night-time!

Babies do not know how to fall asleep at will. Sleep is simply something which happens to them and over which they have very little control. The ability to fall asleep at will develops gradually over the first few weeks of life. This is a process and takes time.

During sleep there are different phases. There is an initial phase of deep sleep followed by a phase of light sleep. This light sleep may be accompanied by waking which is usually momentary and is often preceded and followed by episodes of dreaming. This pattern of light sleep followed by the sleep followed by light sleep again continues in adults and animals and young children throughout the night. Each of the sleep cycles takes approximately an hour and a half. This is one of the reasons why babies most commonly sleep and wake after about and an hour and a half or, they may possibly go through the first light phase and end up sleeping for about 3 hours, or two sleep cycles.

1.3     SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

The relevance of babies play cot in the establishment of a crèche. As a result, the findings of this study would be of great importance to the government, various stakeholders in education, researchers and policy makers in the sense that it will provide them with information on indispensable components of relevance of babies play cot in the establishment of a crèche. The best way to settle your child is to put them in their cot bed at a time you have noticed is a common time for them to fall asleep (this could be 9pm or later and won’t necessarily be at 7pm). You should then tell them that it is time to sleep now in a calm and soothing voice and then leave the room. You could then be doing things outside the room that don’t make loud sudden noises but just let your baby know that you are still around. You will commonly notice that they will cry but this is normally just a fussing kind of cry and not real distress. Try not to go back for 10 minutes and give them a chance to fall asleep.

For the first six months of life, babies will fall asleep pretty much anywhere, any time. However by about six months of age they gradually begin to become more aware of their surroundings and begin to develop some sort of settling routine. By settling routine this might mean anything from eating, having a bath and possibly a bottle and then falling asleep. This settling routine has an important function in that it is part of a process of beginning to quiet down in preparation for a long phase of sleep. This involves a separation from the mother and father and from the world itself. By this stage the baby can voluntarily fall asleep alone and the circumstances in which it does so become much more critical.

This means that if a child is still sleeping in with you, you need to think about where your child is going to sleep in the long-term. If you plan to move your baby out of your room and into a room of their own, you would do best do this before six months of age. If your baby has been sleeping in a Moses basket or cot beside your bed, it would be best to move this into the new room ready for their sleep during the day. It’s much easier for a child to adjust to this kind of process in the daytime and if they do find it difficult or cry frequently for reassurance it’s much easier for you to go and deal with them when you’re feeling slightly more awake. If your child is in a Moses basket you could try putting a Moses basket inside a new cot in a new room to begin with so that you are minimizing the difference in their surroundings.

  • PURPOSE OF THE STUDY

This study sought to find out the relevance of babies play cot in the establishment of a crèche. The objectives of the study are to:

  1. Find out the importance/benefits of baby play cot to a children
  2. Determine the difference between baby play cot and establishment of crèche class.
  3. Determine the sleeping hours of a bab
  4. Determine the convenient of time of a baby
  • SCOPE OF THE STUDY

The study covers the relevance of babies play cot in the establishment of a crèche. Insufficient fund tends to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant material literature or information and in the process of data collection.

1.6     DELIMITATION OF THE STUDY

The project did not extend beyond the crèche children and has it restricted itself to the scope of the study.

1.7     DEFINITION OF TERMS

Crèche:   Day care center, an organization of adults who take care of children in place of their parents

Baby: “childish adult person”

Relevance:  the condition of being relevant

Cot: a small bed with high barred sides for a baby or very young child.

Play:  engage in activity for enjoyment and recreation rather than a serious or practical purpose.

Sleep: a condition of body and mind which typically recurs for several hours every night, in which the nervous system is inactive, the eyes closed, the postural muscles relaxed, and consciousness practically suspended.

Infant: An early stage of development.

Nap:  A short sleep, especially during the day

Bed:  A piece of furniture for sleep or rest, typically a framework with a mattress

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