AN INVESTIGATION INTO PARENT’S ATTITUDES TOWARDS THE TEACHING OF SEX EDUCATION IN PRIMARY SCHOOL
[A CASE STUDY OF AMUWO ODOFIN LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF LAGOS STATE]
BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Sex education also referred to as the sexuality education process, involves getting the right information and knowledge regarding the physiological changes that take place in the body as a response to the human development and growth that are in essence linked to the sex organs, their function as well as their uses and abuse.
Sieais (2002) stated that sex education is a process that lasts a lifetime of learning and developing attitudes, beliefs, and values.
Adekunle (1998) described sexual education as teaching adolescents about the length, importance and timing of sexual activities. Sexual education is essential because it imparts the information, knowledge and understanding about how young people, even adults, can manage their sexual encounters maturely and sensibly. When armed with the right information and facts, they can take the appropriate decisions as they will be fully aware of the implications of their choices.
In primary schools in Nigeria the country, society has been plagued by issues of a moral lapse, inappropriate sexual relations, unwanted pregnancies, abortions and general moral depravity.
In introducing sex education to pupils, it is essential to know the fundamental facts about the human condition. In adolescence, there are some changes to the body. The most prominent ones are that they are triggered by hormonal and physiological changes. Boys have hair growth around the male genital organ, while girls have breasts that grow larger. Sexual education is concerned with understanding sex issues and sexual issues. This goal is to make children aware of the true significance of life and the importance of living.
Sex education aids young people in being aware of sexual indiscretion. It encourages healthy interactions between opposite genders and reduces the risk of sexual insanity. It also aids in developing responsible behaviour and the fulfilment of sexual relations. The information gained will help people understand God’s intention to create man according to His likeness. The knowledge gained will ensure respect and dignity for those, not of the same gender. This can eventually stop negative behaviour when being pregnant, having an unwelcome pregnancy, contacting sexual illnesses, excessive use of contraception, preventing abortion, and vices associated with sexually illicit relationships.
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
When sex education is taught as a subject in primary schools, pupils will form opinions and feelings regarding sex education. (The research will aid in the teaching and application of sex education at school) and improve the learning of pupils about sexual education. This is why it is crucial to ensure that parents’ attitude towards the teaching of sex-related educational programs is positive.
PURPOSE OF STUDY
The study aims to summarize the following:
To assist a person in having an accurate and precise understanding of sexuality.
To give them the information and knowledge needed to take proper care of their health.
Help them develop the skills to make decisions today and in the future.
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
The results of this research will give the person the chance to gain positive and accurate information about sexuality. Develop knowledge and develop knowledge. They should be aware of the health of their sexuality, be respectful and cherish themselves and others.
1. What is the overall attitude style of parents about the instruction of sex education?
2. What kind of attitude will parents’ attitudes influence their children’s attitudes toward the subject of sexual education?
3. The attitude of pupils be influenced by factors like gender, age, home and the environment?
1. The parents’ educational background/ qualifications have a profound connection with the teaching of sexual education in primary school.
2. Childhood exposure and parents’ experiences are major factors in their children’s attitudes and the teaching of sexual education in primary schools.
3. The attitude of pupils towards the teaching of sexual education does not impact their home, peer group, and surroundings.
Due to the limited time frame, this study must encompass all schools within the Otto Awori Local Government Area. However, it is currently restricted by five (5) primary schools in this local area.
DEFINITION OF TERMS
2. Natural Parents
5. Sex organ
Abortion is the end of pregnancy.
Natural parents: They are the biological mother and father of a child.
Puberty is the process of changing physical features through which the body of a child develops and becomes an adult that can influence sexual maturity.
Sexuality: is all that is left of functional and structural distinctions between males and females are differentiated. It also includes behaviours or phenomena that depend on the difference.
The sex organ is one part of the body’s anatomical structures involved in sexual reproduction. They form the reproductive system of an intricate organism.
The current chapter of the research project is concerned with the methods and methods employed to collect data. It examines the research plan, samples of the study and sampling method, research instrument, and data collection and analysis.
The study is a case study that is a descriptive survey. It is designed to assess parents’ attitudes towards the instruction of sex education to identify the issues that arise when sex education is taught in primary schools and suggest solutions through recommendations.
POPULATION OF THE STUDY
The study’s population will comprise students, both female and male, from the Ojo, the local area of government in Lagos State. Five primary schools selected are shown below. The schools are
1. Blessing Nursery and Primary School
2. Evergreen nursery is a comprehensive primary and school
3. The Lord’s primary and nursery school for children
4. Tosvvi Kindergarten and the primary school
5. Queens Primary and Nursery
SAMPLING AND SAMPLING TECHNIQUES
However, the selection of schools was determined by the institution’s availability, the availability of parents, and the number of students. Schools were selected because they appear to have characteristics common to the research based on teaching sex education in primary school.
INSTRUMENTATION OF DATA COLLECTION
A self-developed closed-ended structured questionnaire was used to collect the data collection. The questionnaire was split into five (5) parts. Section A focused on the demographics of respondents. The remaining sections were used to collect information about the variables selected for the study. Each part corresponds to the nominal male scale and female, which is the scale they are asked to respond to the question of
SA – Strongly Agree
A – Agree
D – Disagree
SD Strongly disagree
VALIDITY OF THE INSTRUMENT
The questionnaires were handed to my supervisor, who offered corrections and suggestions taken into account.
The questionnaire must be administered and gathered about the sport by the researcher in-person to ensure a high yield and accessibility.
METHOD OF DATA ANALYSIS
The questionnaire’s responses were analyzed and presented using chi-square.
THE CONCEPT OF SEX EDUCATION
The social problems inherent to society are largely due to the lack of education.
Ikulayo, P.B. (1999). Writing about family life and sexual education claimed that families are the foundation of society. It’s often claimed that family members are accountable for teaching their members the essentials of life and survival, including sexuality education.
Sex is the main concept that we have in our society. It is the sole process through which society is governed, and its method is based on the continuity of society.
Adekunle A. (1998) defined sexual education as teaching adolescents about the timing, duration and importance of sexual activity. Sexuality has been linked to various rules and taboos, which has been an unpopular notion that can be discussed freely.
PARENT’S ATTITUDE TOWARD THE TEACHING OF SEX EDUCATION IN PRIMARY SCHOOL
The majority of Nigerian parents are reluctant to talk with their children about concerns regarding sexual sex. The past was when it was taboo to participate in pre-marital sexual relations. Brides worried about the social implications of having their virginity taken away prior to marriage, which could humiliate their parents. Because of their attitude, parents felt that it was not necessary to allow their children to be exposed to the same kind of learning, leading them to be victims and ignoring their parental duties.
Today, the world is becoming more individualistic, with unfettered freedom to express and act. This is why people tend to have less belief in superstitions and are less religious.
Illiteracy also impacts the parental attitudes towards the teaching and learning of sex education in primary school. The majority of Nigerian parents are either nonliterate or semi-illiterate. As a result, they are embarrassed to discuss sexuality at home. Some parents are against their children’s interaction with those of the other sex. They may even go as far as telling their daughters not to allow anyone of the opposite gender to be touched or close to them instead of informing them about how to behave and mix with the sex opposite.