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The purpose of this study is to examine the Impact of Nursery Education on the academic performance of primary school pupils in Ojo Local Government Education District of Lagos State. The study adopts a descriptive research design with questionnaire as the major instrument. Also the study recommends possible solution to the impact of Nursery Education on the academic performance of primary school pupil in Ojo Local Government in Lagos State.






1.1      Background of the Study

The indigenes of Ipokia are basically ANAGOS and most of the student that attend their secondary schools are mostly Anagos and Egos.


Although, the people of Ipokia local Government Area continue to cherish the mode of  socialization   used  by their ancestors, it appear  that the coming of their ways of life such as Christianity, Islam western culture and formal education has resulted into fragmented modes of socialization. The connotation is that children of the area seem to grow into adulthood with Myriad   married problems.

Some problem encountered by the people of Ipokia Local Government Area appears to have resulted from inconsistent or inadequate family life or sex education.

The traditional and formal forms of education seem to be in conflict and very often traditional value appears to be neglected by formal education without adequate substitutes.


GIbba (2005) and Fafunwa  (2006)  provide some facts from which the present apparently inadequate family life education among the people or Ipokia Local Government Area may be deduced.

Thus, traditionally, every wife in the area expected her husband to sleep with her frequently so that she may conceive because of the honour in the number of children one has. Nevertheless, parents would want to remain childless instead of having children who will bring shame and dishonour to the family.

The degree of ignorance attached to ill- manner of acts by the students is likely to bring disrespects to the family is manifested in the several physical punishment  generally, meted out to young offender in the hope of molding  them toward the right direction.

Character training is the corner- stone of traditional education among the people of Ipokia Local Government Area. However, the end objectives are to produce an individual who is honest, respectful, skilled, cooperative and   conforms to the social order of the community. In order to achieve such objectives parents, sibling, and other member of education.

If a boy and girl have intimacy, any member of the extended family might thresh both of them on the spot, report the matter to the parent or the children or bring it to the notice of the head of the family for proper punishment   to the administrated. Thus, the child obtains the basic foundations of education as a member of the group from his or her family.

In the traditional education among the people of Ipokia Local Government Area, Children were taught what they needed to known in terms of the social expectation of the boys and girl, men and women. It  was comparatively easier because children usually live with their parent until they get married, Their behaviour is under the direct security of parents and other member of the family.


Today, as a result of formal education and new economics situation, children may leave their parent to school and later seek for employment in towns or environment away from where the parent live. When such a situation occurs, the sex related education given traditionally to the children either seizes to operate or receive inadequate attention in term of necessary modification.

Basically, formal education in Ipokia Local Government   Area is

expected to take over or continue with the up bringing of the children in that Area. However, the situation seems to be such that students in the secondary schools do not have adequate information and are not enlightened on matter that affects them socially. The tendency that students indulge in sexual deviance is higher.

Most of the children in secondary schools of Ipokia Local Government Area are biologically mature, some of them attain the age of puberty a year or two before they start their secondary education while others attain such age in their first year in secondary schools.

Some educated people in the Local Government Area appear to favour the teaching of education as a means of alleviating or obviating sex related problems among the people of the area in general and the youth in particular. Nevertheless, it appear that some parent and other in the area are against the teaching of such a subject in the schools.

1.2    Statement of the Problems

The Major problem is that children in Ipokia Local Government Area do not seem to have adequate knowledge of sex education and solutions to sex related problem, People of the local Government Area too have divided opinions about the teaching of sex education. Nevertheless, there   has not been any study on sex education in the area, so some parent view that children should not be taught sex education at all. They argued that they learn about it by any way which could be dangerous to them. This was supported by Roger (2004) that claimed that sex education can be learnt through parents, reading novels, Magazines as well as film   friend   which may be dangerous to the adolescents.

1.3    Purpose of the Study

Individual and social problem resulting from inadequate knowledge of and solution to sex related problems appear to be on the increase in Ipokia Local Government Area. The main purpose of the study are as following:

  • To identify the attitude of student towards sex education in secondary schools.
  • To determine what relationship exist between the factors like sex of children, religion, sex, of parent, marital status, age range of parent in relation to the attitude of students toward sex education in secondary schools.
  • To determines the positive and negative attitude of student toward sex education in secondary schools
  • What are the problem encounter in the teaching sex education in secondary schools
  • To highlight the need of sex education in secondary school and its importance to the Nigerian adolescents

1.4    Research Questions

This study sought to answer these questions:

  • What is the general attitude of student toward the sex education in secondary schools?
  • What the attitude of student toward the teaching of sex education
  • The region, marital status and age range of students can be a factors that determine the attitudes of student towards sex education.
  • What are the problems encounters in the teaching of sex education in secondary schools.

1.5    Significance of the Study

Research can be defined as the organized ways of finding solution to an identified problem. It is also an organized and systematic process of expanding the frontiers of knowledge. It is also defined as a diligent and a systematic attempt to find acceptable answers to questions through logically designed process.

In view of this, this study is so significant to the extent that it is likely to be beneficial to the teenagers, adolescent, literal and illiterate parents, educational Administrators, government and the society at large. The study will also develop a healthy wholesome attitude towards sex in human beings including respect for their own bodies as integral part of their personality with knowledge of and respect for all body parts of their normal functions in human mating, reproduction and family life.

The study is so significant because it will open channel of communication between children and their parents, teachers and religious leaders as well as counselors concerning the meaning, significance and potential value of sexes and mating in human life so that students will find it easier to seek information from reliable sources rather than relying on “hear say gutter talk” or misconceptions. Also the study will provide for the students the adequate knowledge of his own physical, mental and emotional maturation processes as regard to sex.

Also the study will develop objectives and understanding attitude toward sex education in all of its various manifestations in the individual and in others.  The study will also   provides an incentives to work for a society in which evil  like prostitution, illegitimacy, sex laws irrational fear of sex and sexual exploitation are not existing. Also, the study will provides understanding and conditioning that will enable each individual to utilize his sexuality effectively and creatively in his/her sexuality effect e.g. as parents, community members or as a citizen.

1.6   Operational Definition of Terms

ATITUDE: This refers to action, reaction behaviour of an individual or entity towards a stimulus or stimuli

SEX: This can be defined   from two perspective. It is the main categories into which human beings and most other living  things are divided on the basis of their reproductive function or mating or intercourse between two opposite sex {heterosexuality} or two similar sex {homosexuality}.

SEX EDUCATION: This can be defined as a life long process that involves  the use of knowledge, skills, attitude  and values needed in order to mature into adulthood  and finding one own role in marriage, family and society. It is also a way of providing adolescents with valuable knowledge about sex so as to event risks such as teenage pregnancy.

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