EFFECT OF HOME AND ITS ENVIRONMENT ON THE ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT OF CHILDREN/PUPILS IN NURSERY SCHOOLS (A CASE STUDY OF AJEROMI IFELODUN LOCAL GOVERNMENTAREA OF LAGOS STATE)
The study is significantly because it examines the extents at which home environment affects children educational attainment level in Ajeromi Ifelodun Local Government Area. It also reveals other factors affecting the educational attainment of pupils/children. The study examines the effect of home and environment on the academic achievement of children in nursery schools. The study was limited to Ajeromi Ifelodun Local Government Area, it offered the researcher close opportunity to witness and investigates the effect of home and environment on the academic achievement of pupils in nursery schools. In carrying out the research work the researcher interviewed pupils and a questionnaire was used to get information from three nursery school, these were later subjected to analysis: all hypothesis were rejected after all findings were made. Finally attempts were made to make recommendation s and which include the fact that all parent should bear in mind that they can make their children future, so they should have special care, interest and love for their children and parent should also find time to help their children with home work or get a lesson teacher or anyone that can be of help to their education. Key words: children, achievement, educational, home, environment, income, effect, nursery.
TABLE OF CONTENT
Title page i
Table of content vii
1.0 Introduction 1
- Background to the Study 5
- Statement of the Problem 6
- Purpose of the study 6
- Research question 7
- Research hypothesis 7
- Scope delimitation of the study 8
2.0 Literature Review 9
2.1 Family Backgrounds (Home) 9
2.2 Peer Group/Mass Media 12
2.3 The Socio-Economic Factor of the Child 15
2.4 Religion/Culture 19
2.5 Home Environment and its Effect
on Nursery School Children 25
2.6 Likely Solutions to Negative Effects of
Home Environment 26
2.7 Parents Frequent and Systematic Discussion 28
2.9 Parents Encouragement Towards their
Children School work 31
2.9 Negative Parental Involvement 33
- Introduction 36
- Research Design 36
- Population of the Study 36
- Sampling and Sampling Techniques 37
- Research Instrument 38
- Validity of Instrument 38
- Reliability of Instrument 39
- Administration of Instrument 39
- Data Collection 39
- Method of Data Analysis 39
- Presentation and Analysis of Data 0
4.1 Introduction 40
4.2 Presentation of Results 41
5.0 Summary 53
5.1 Conclusion 54
5.2 Recommendation 55
1.0 Background to the Study
Environment as a concept refers to the total surrounding of man. It contains all the factors that can influence man from outside factors that can also affect the life and development of man and organization or society.
There are two (2) aspect of environment that needs to be considered namely: Physical Environment and Social Environment. The social environment refers to the home environment into which man is born.
The social environment refers to the home environment into which man is born. While the physical environment refers to the immediate surrounding which is made up of natural and manmade or some natural made element such as features, which is include temperature, winds, cloud formation, air pressure and others.
Daramola (2002) stated that the effect of home environment include those things found around man or which surround him that are capable of affecting his social development among them are family, social economic peer group/mass religious. He also stated that home environment is seen has the immediate environment where living things and non living things can be found.
Oxford Advanced Learner Dictionary 6th edition defines environment as a conditions, circumstance affecting a person’s life.
Several studies have proved that the environment in which learners operate have large effect on their learning. The family characteristics that is the most powerful predictor of school achievement is socio-economic status of the students family the higher his educational attainment. The motivational economic development and emotional stabilizing role which include: family, social economy, peer groups, culture, religious and play are important role in the life of a child. This factors affect children educational attainment for decades educational practitioners and the public at large, have assumed that social economic is one of the best predictors of educational attainment.
The Coleman, report supported that theory. As explained by Kari white (2001), the Coleman report confirmed for education through what they thought they already knew that a strong relationship exist between all kinds of attainment variables and what has come to be known in socio – economic status, white also note that the belief in the strong relationship between socio – economic status and pupils attainment is so pervasive that really been questioned. To illustrate consider the following quotes.
The family characterized that most powerful predictors for school attainment is socio- economic status of the children’s, family, the higher is educational attainment. This relationship has been documented in countless pupils and seems to hold no matter what we insure of status is used. (Occupation of principle bread winner family income, parent education or some combination of other factors), (Bankole 2002 P32).
We can categorized pupils according to the social class position of their parent is other them on the extent of their participation and the degree of their participation of success in the American educational system. This has been so consistently confirmed by researchers that it can now be regarded as an empirical law. Socio – economic status predict grade attainment and intelligence test scores, relent and grade level course, failure, truancy, suspensions from high school dropout plans for college attendant and total amount of formal schooling (charter 2003).
- Statement of the Problem
The following are observed as the prevalent experience among nursery school pupils and parents:
- Parents of pupils are busy with work and other rarely engagements such that they concentrate on their pupils school work.
- Home work of pupils not properly done or not done at all.
- Parents of pupils are less concerned about their pupil’s school works because of personal engagement and commitment.
- Performance of pupils is not encouraging because of the gap created by non-interest of their school works.
- Parent’s participation in school activities minimal and not capable of promoting academic excellence.
- Purpose of the Study
This project is design to ascertain the effect of home environment on the educational achievement of Nursery school pupils.
Also for the parent and school authorities challenges posed against them in encouraging their children.
- Research Questions
- What are the effects of home environment on the academic achievement of children in nursery school?
- What are the causes of home and it environment in our society.
- Did home environment affect children educational achievement?
- What are the types of home environment of children in educational attainment?
- Research Hypothesis
Based on the identified problems of the study the following hypothesis were formulated and tested.
- There is no significant relationship between the home environment and the pupil’s educational achievement.
- There is no significant relationship between educational level of parents and pupils achievement.
- There is no significant difference between the family income and pupil’s educational achievement.
- Significant of the Study
The study is significant because
- It reveals other factors affecting the educational attainment of pupils.
- It will be a great help to parent and school authorities to generate affection and love and provide personal security and acceptance to the pupils and put a stop to their socio weakness.
- It will help the educationist to know the area of educational needs in the educational system and try to improve on them especially on behalf of pupils from poor home and those that have been influence negatively by peer groups.
- Scope Delimitation of the Study
In carrying out this research work of this native, some problems are very unlikely to Generate from different angles these problems include transportation the co-operation of the school authorities because the schools authorities might not be willing to release their students for interview and where they do some of them might not want the researcher to be conducted in their school.
Time factor is another problem that the researcher and to consider why because time available to the researcher will influence the writing because the researcher will need more to time visit randomly selected schools for more information.
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