THE EFFECT OF TECHNOLOGY ON THE TEACHING AND LEARNING OF MATHEMATICS IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS (A CASE STUDY OF OJO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF LAGOS STATE)
TABLE OF CONTENT
Title Page i
Table of Content vi-x
1.1 Introduction 1-3
1.2 Statement of Problem 3-4
1.3 Purpose of the Study 4-5
1.4 Research Questions 5-6
1.5 Research Hypotheses 6
1.6 Significance Study 7
1.7 Scope/Delimitation 7
1.8 Definition of Terms 8-9
2.1 Introduction 10
2.2 Defining unwanted pregnancy 10-15
2.3 Defining marriage 15-17
2.4 Why accidental/unwanted/unplanned pregnancies happen 17
2.4.1 Contraceptive failure 17-19
2.4.2 Myths and Misconceptions 20-21
2.4.3 Contraception in the real world 22-23
2.5 What to do when you notice unwanted pregnancies in your marriage 24-27
2.6 Understanding your ovulation period, symptoms and tools 27-30
2.7 When pregnancies are unwanted 30-32
2.8 Consequences of unwanted pregnancy from previous research 32
2.8.1 Preconception care, prenatal care and infant health 32-33
2.8.2 Child health/development and family environment
2.8.3 Mothers 35-36
3.1 Research design 37
3.2 Population of the Study 37
3.3 Sample and Sampling Techniques 38
3.4 Instrument for data collection 38
3.5 Validation of Instrument 39
3.6 Reliability of Instrument 39
3.7 Method of Data Collection 40
3.8 Method of Data Analysis 40
Analysis and interpretation of data 41-66
5.1 Summary 67
5.2 Conclusion 68
5.3 Recommendations 68-71
- BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
According to National Council Mathematics Teacher (2000) “Technology is essential in teaching and learning mathematics, it influences students’ learning. Teachers attitudes play an important role in using technology in teaching and learning mathematics. It is very important to improve teachers’ attitude toward using computers in the classroom because it may enhance mathematics teaching and learning. However, many pre-services and in-services teacher lack technology in the classroom.
In Nigeria, mathematics has occupied a greater percentage of science subject. A science teacher in secondary school cannot be said to have graduated if he/she has not obtained minimum credit in almost all the science subjects including mathematics which is a compulsory subject, not only for science student alone but for all students. Moreso, before a student can be admitted to any higher institution in Nigeria, such students regardless of his/her course must have at least a credit in mathematics.
It is one thing for one to understand a subject, and it is another thing for one to know how to apply such knowledge in the practical aspect or in a real life process. So before one can understand how to apply the subject, one must first know its usefulness.
Mathematics is a subject that can be taught by knowledgeable teachers that can apply the use of technology, such as calculator, computer, project etc. For effective teaching and learning of the subject.
The missing role of technology in the teaching and learning of mathematics has resulted into major educational problems, which can be easily averted, if the necessary ideas, precaution and educational facilities has been made available onto the students as part of the programme of teaching and learning system of mathematics.
A research like mental analysis for example has investigated on the input of computer assisted instruction (CAI) on student learning outcome Lipsey & Nilson (1993) in CAI the computer services as a medium of instruction and information delivery system. The computers in this form can take the role of an instructor a teacher which can introduce and present lessons. They obtain, guides, assess, record and score learners’ response. With the introduction of CAI the teacher has lesser job to do on like the traditional way of teaching where by the teacher have to do almost all the teaching job and the students just sit back and watch their teacher demonstrating the entirely lesson, with they having little or no meaningful to contribute.
As a result of this, the study on the student of technology in the teaching and learning of technology in the teaching and learning of mathematics is worth pursuing. It is hoped that the result of this study will provide evidence as to the effect of technology in the teaching of mathematics as an important steps towards the better performance of students in mathematics.
- STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
This study examines the effect of technology on the teaching and learning of mathematics, the research would look also to the extent to which improperly or implementation of technology has affect our students. Since both the knowledgeable teacher and his/her skillfulness in the application of technology depend to a large extent affect his/her delivery positively, the effect of technology in teaching mathematics will surely be to guide and lead students to have an outstanding performance in the subject mathematics.
- PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
In every activities in life, there is no one without a purpose. Many researches have been carried out the failure of students in mathematics. The improper use of technology in the teaching and learning of mathematics have really affected the student, which has led to mass failure in mathematics.
The purpose of this study is to find out the influence of technology in the teaching and learning of mathematics and to recommend its positive effect to the teaching and learning of mathematics.
- RESEARCH QUESTIONS
To facilitate the investigation on the study, the following research questions are to be addressed:
- To what extent is technology importation the teaching and learning of mathematics to the students?
- Is technology important to the teaching and learning of mathematics?
- What will the school authority, teachers, students, parents and the society gain from the use of technology in the teaching and learning of mathematics?
- Is the cost of maintaining technological facilitator of teaching and learning of mathematics more expensive than the advantages derived from them?
- Will the operation of technological equipment as effect on time available for the lesson?
- RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS
The following hypothesis will be authenticated for the purpose of investigation
- There is no significant relationship between technology and teaching of mathematics
- There is no significant different between student that are taught mathematics not using technology and those taught with base method technology
- There is no significant gain by the school authority, teacher, student, parents and society at large if technology is introduced to the teaching of mathematics
- The cost of maintaining technological facilitators is not significantly more expensive than the advantages derived from it
- The operation of technological equipment in the mathematics class has no significant effect on the time available for the lesson
- SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
The result of this study will provide basis for effective use of technology (by teacher) in the teaching of mathematics to modify or reinforce student attitude toward mathematics, it is also believed that the research study is important as the outcome of this study with concrete analysis on the interpretation of technology and it various impact on the teaching of mathematics this will benefits the school authority, teacher, students, parents and society at large.
The finding of this study will provide for their research on the effect of technology in the teaching and learning of mathematics.
- SCOPE/DELIMITATION OF THE STUDY
This study only focuses on the effect of technology in the teaching and learning of mathematics and it is limited to the schools at Ojo Local Government Area of Lagos state.
It would have covered the entire state but as a result of time, resources and financial constraint.
- DEFINITION OF TERMS
TECHNOLOGY: Scientific knowledge used in practical ways in solving problem.
TEACHING: It is a way of impacting knowledge skills on somebody/something.
EFFECT: It is a change that somebody/something causes in somebody/something.
INSTRUCTION: Detail information on how to do or use something.
TOOL: These are things or materials that help in carrying out some things.
APPLY: This is the process whereby what is been learnt is put into practice.
LEARNING: It is the relatively permanent change in behaviour due to experience.
EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY: Is a systematic organization of man, machine, ideas and procedure in designing planning, implementing and evaluating the teaching and learning process in order to promote effective learning.
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