The purpose of this research project was to investigate the causes and effects of indiscipline on students academic performance in secondary schools.  100 students and 50 teachers were randomly selected from five senior secondary schools in Amuwo-Odofin Local Government Area of Lagos State.  Data collected were done with the administration of a questionnaire, which laid emphasis on modern methods of discipline control in schools and methods of enforcing discipline.  It also emphasizes on the various vices committed by students in senior secondary schools and different types of indisciplinary acts in schools. Data analysis involved simple percentages as the method of calculation.

The results indicated that parents, teachers and governments are the main causes of indiscipline in our senior secondary schools.  The results also indicate that there is no significant relationship between students’ indiscipline and their academic performance.To improve on academic performance of students, recommendations and suggestions were made, which includes parents taking proper care of their children, government formulating functional educational policy, teachers ensuring careful dispensation of justice among students and also avoiding corporal punishment at all times for students.






Title                                                                                                                                         i

Certification                                                                                                                          ii

Dedication                                                                                                                             iii

Acknowledgement                                                                                                   iv-v

Abstract                                                                                                                                  vi

Table of Contents                                                                                                    vii-ix

CHAPTER I:                                                 INTRODUCTION                                        1

Background of to the Study                                                                                   1

Statement of the Problem                                                                                       2

Purpose of the Study                                                                                              3

Research Questions                                                                                               3

Hypothesis                                                                                                                4

Significance of the Study                                                                                       4

Delimitations of the Study                                                                                      5

Definition of Terms                                                                                                  5

CHAPTER II:                                    REVIEW OF LITERATURE                     7

The Meaning of Discipline                                                                                     8

The Concept of Discipline in Schools                                                                 9

The Meaning of Indiscipline                                                                                  11

The Concept of Indiscipline                                                                                   12

The Act of Indiscipline                                                                                            13

Causes of Indiscipline                                                                                            14

Different Types of Indiscipline                                                                              21

Effects of Indiscipline                                                                                             24

Modern Discipline Control in Schools                                                                 26

Methods of Enforcing Discipline and Academic Performance                                   27

Participation in Students’ Unruly Behaviour, Indiscipline and

Academic Performance                                                                              29

CHAPTER III:                                               METHODOLOGY                            30

Research Design                                                                                                     30

Population of the Study                                                                                          31

Sample and Sampling Technique                                                                                    31

Research Instrument                                                                                              32

Validity of the Instrument                                                                                       32

Reliability of the Instrument                                                                                   33

Administration of Instrument                                                                                 33

Data Collection                                                                                                        33

Data Analysis                                                                                                           34

CHAPTER IV:                                  RESULTS AND DISCUSSION                 35 Demographic Data Analysis                                                                                 35

Inferential Statistical Analysis: Testing of the Hypotheses                              38

Discussion of Results                                                                                             44


Summary                                                                                                                   47 Conclusion                                                                                                                      48

Recommendations                                                                                                  49

Limitations of the Study                                                                                          53

Suggestions for Further Studies                                                                           53

REFERENCES                                                                                                        54

APPENDIX               (Sample Questionnaire Used)                                           56




Background to the Study

Indiscipline has over the years become reality of our educational sector.  One of the real world problems in the educational sector is the problem of school indiscipline which continuously stares both researchers and educational practitioners in the face. We will be considering initiating factors for indiscipline in the Nigerian school setting.

The word “Indiscipline” means different things to different people and educational practitioners. Indiscipline means “the absence of discipline.  It is as old as the existence of school.  In an article titled “Low Morals in Government school Colleges” written in the Daily Times of 2nd February 1998, it denotes that lack of discipline, lack of proper training and upbringing, unruly behaviour, disobedience and disorder.

More often than not the whole society is curious about this act of indiscipline that is so rampant among our school students.  Indiscipline is a nagging problem that we cannot only over rule its impact on our educational standard but also the damage it has done to the society at large.  The degeneration state and persistent fall in the standard of education in Nigeria senior secondary schools call for immediate solution and attention.

Notable among these vices are sexual abuse, alcoholism, disrespect, lateness to school, stealing, lying, destruction of school property, aggressiveness in class, poor attitude to class activities, smoking in the school compound, forgery to examination malpractices, etc. aided and encouraged by school administration, teachers, parents and officials of examination board.

It is therefore against this background that this research is designed to investigate the causes and effects of indiscipline on the performance of students at the senior secondary school with particular reference and emphasis on senior secondary school students in Amuwo-Odofin Local Government Area of Lagos State.


Statement of the Problem

The need for this study is to improve the performance of students.  It also sought to find out the causes and effects of indiscipline. The academic performance of students today has really been affected by indisciplinary act.  They find it easy in their examinations through mischievous acts.  Most students’ writing senior secondary school certificate examination (SSCE) and University Matriculation Examination (UME) buy their examination questions.  They find a way of bringing the questions to the examination hall with an expert to write the examination for them.

The students are supposed to be exposed to the real concepts and contents of their subject matter but the reverse is the case.  The teachers engage in collecting bribe from the students rather than teaching them the concepts and contents.


Purpose of the Study

The purpose of this study attempts to examine:

  1. How indisciplinary academic performance of students affects them at the senior secondary schools.
  2. The indices for measuring school indiscipline at the senior secondary school level in Amuwo Odofin local government
  • The ways by which students’ academic performance will be improved.
  1. How can teachers and parents influence and affect the academic performance of students.
  2. The likely causes of indiscipline at the senior secondary school level.


Research Questions

  1. Is there any significant relationship between students’ indiscipline and their academic performance?
  2. Is there any significant relationship between students’ attitude and their academic performance?
  • Does the orientation of the students from home affect their academic performance?
  1. What are the causes of indiscipline among students?



In the attempt to provide solutions to the problems of the study, the following null hypotheses were set:

Ho1:    There will be no significant relationship between students’ indiscipline and their academic performance.

Ho2:   There will be no significant relationship between the attitude of students and their academic performance

Ho3:    There will be no significant relationship between students’ orientation from home and his or her academic performance.

Ho4 :   There are no causes of indiscipline among students.


Significance of the Study

The need for this study is to improve the performance of students through proper upbringing and also inculcate the right disciplinary act in them.  It will also assist teachers on how to plan for their students in order to yield good results in their academic performance.

This study will also go a long way to assist the curriculum planner on how to stop indisciplinary act in senior secondary schools.  All students will also derive benefits from this study by helping them to avoid indisciplinary acts so as to perform excellently well in their educational pursuit.


Delimitations of the Study

This study was limited in scope to randomly selected secondary schools in Amuwo Odofin Local Government in Lagos State Educational District V.  It also examines the causes of indiscipline and its effects on academic performance of students in senior secondary schools.


Definition of Terms

School Discipline – This refers to the way a school is organized to ensure that pupils gain most benefits by absorbing, learning and training themselves for adult life and developing their personalities.

Discipline – This is the control of conduct, either by an external authority or by individuals in order to ensure orderliness and social acceptability.

Indiscipline – This refers to uncontrolled conduct that brings about disorderliness and unacceptable behaviours.  This could be educationally, socially, emotionally or morally.  Indiscipline on academic performance could adversely affect the students’ professional career.

Academic Performance – This refers to how well or badly a student does in his/her reading and studies generally at school particularly after writing the examination.

History – The continuum of events occurring in succession leading from the past to the present and even into the future.

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