IMPACT OF EDUCATIONAL FACILITIES AND MATERIALS ON ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF JUNIOR SECONDARY BUSINESS STUDIES STUDENT

IMPACT OF EDUCATIONAL FACILITIES AND MATERIALS ON ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF JUNIOR SECONDARY BUSINESS STUDIES STUDENT IN ADO-ODO/OTA LOCAL EDUCATION DISTRICT OF OGUN STATE

 

ABSTRACT

Learning is the acquisitions of new knowledge, ideas, skills, values and experience which enables an individual to modify or alter his actions.

The research considered the impact of using Educational materials and facilities on the academic performance of Business studies students in junior Secondary school such as typewriters, computer, waste paper, basket, calculator machine, staple machine, and computer room.

The study revealed that teaching Business Studies with inadequate educational materials and facilities by a non-professional; hampered teaching and learning in all secondary schools and marred students interests in the subject also teaching Business studies without appropriate teaching aids and facilities proved as a same factor that makes knowledge too abstract for students to apprehended. In view of finding, the research recommends that Government should put in a place additional classrooms for effective learning to take place. Also computer, textbook, typewriter, calculators, staple machine, waste paper basket relevant to the content in the National curriculum should be made available to school by appropriate agency in good quality and quantity to enhance teaching methods and learning procurable. Above all government should be more serious about education for self-reliance.

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENT

Title page                                                 i

Certification                                             ii

Dedication                                               iii

Acknowledgment                                     iv

Abstract                                                   v-vi

Table of Content                                      vii-ix

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION

1.1   Background of the Study                 1-5

1.2   Statement of the Problems               5-7

1.3   Purpose of the Study                               7-8

1.4   Significance of the Study                 8

1.5   Research Questions                         8-9

1.6   Research Hypotheses                       9-11

1.7   Delimitation of the Study                 11

1.8   Definition of terms                           11-12

CHAPTER TWO:      LITERATURE REVIEW

2.0   Introduction                                     13-14

2.1   The Problems facing the teaching of Business Studies in Junior Secondary Schools  14-26

2.2   Identifying the Materials and Equipment presently being use to impact the teaching and Learning     26-31

2.3   Strategies for Improving the teaching and Learning of Business Studies in Junior Secondary Schools      31-40

CHAPTER THREE:  RESEARCH DESIGN

3.1   The Area of Study                                    41-48

3.2   The population of the Study                    48-49

3.3   Sample and Sampling techniques           49-53

3.4   Validity for the Instrument                       53-54

3.5   Administration of the Instrument            54-55

3.6   Data Analysis                                           55-56

CHAPTER FOUR

4.1   Result and Discussion                             57-65

4.2   List of Findings                                                66-70

4.3   Discussion of findings                             70-72

CHAPTER FIVE

5.0     Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation      73

5.1   Restatement of the Problems                   73

5.2   Purpose of the Study                                       73-74

5.3   Summary of Procedure used                    74

5.4   Recommendation                                     74-76

5.5   Conclusion                                              76-77

5.6   Implication of the Study                          77-78

5.7   Suggestion for further Studies                 78

REFERNCES                                                   79-80

APPENDIXES                                                  81-

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1   BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

        Impact according to on line dictionary is defined as the strong effect or influence that something has on a situation or person.

LEON (1990) defined it as the process of identifying the future consequences of current or proposed action. The “impact is the difference between what would happen with the action and what would happen without it.

In this context “impact” is been used to refer to effect of educational facilities and material on academic performance of business studies student in Junior Secondary Schools.      Hitherto, when students don’t have conducive environment for learning, there will be no effective communication for instance when assignment is given and there is no enough books in the library, it implies that the educational facilities provide is not enough.

Educational facilities according to the online dictionary is defined as the facilities provide to students so that they can use every opportunity to develop their full potentials, this includes building fixture and equipment necessary for effective classrooms, libraries, laboratories, cafeteria, media centers etc.

According to Oni (1992): facilities constitute a strategic factor in organizational functioning. This is so because they determine to a very large extent the smooth functioning of any social organization or system including education.

UNESCO sees education as a key to human, social and economic development and promotes a sustainable world. Education is the delivery of knowledge, skills and information from teacher to students. No Human beings a re able to survive properly without education. It is by the means of education only that one’s potential can be used to maximum extent.

Education usually starts from cradle it starts from the womb and does not cease or stop until one goes to the tomb or grave. Educational material is a subset of the book, game, internet and software publishing industries that is focuses on providing resources to a variety of educational market segment.

Jagger (1980) defined performance as a scripted portrayal based on research of your chosen topic. It is the accomplishment of a given task measured against present known standard of the accuracy and completeness. Availability of educational facilities and material can go along way to help students accomplish given tasks successfully.

Junior secondary schools are levels of schooling between the elementary level and secondary school level.

The Nigerian Educational Research and Development Council (NERDC) has developed 9 years basic Educational Curriculum in compliance with the mandate given by the national Council of Education (NCE) to re-structure and re-align the existing primary and Junior Secondary school curriculum to accelerate government declaration and meet the target of the 9 years Basic Education in the context of National economic and Development strategies (NEEDS) and the millenniums development Goal (MDG).

The general objective of business studies as stated in the curriculum includes:

  1. Provide the orientation and basic skill with which to start an occupation for those who may not have opportunity for further training.
  2. Provide basic business skills for personal use now and future.
  3. Prepare student for future training in Business studies
  4. Relate the knowledge and skill to national economy
  5. Develop basic skills in office occupation.

1.2   STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

        It has been observed by the researcher that presently in junior secondary schools in Ogun State the teaching/learning of Business studies basically depend on the use of just talk, chalk and chalkboard i.e. lecture method, without the use of basic equipment such as the typewriter.

As excepted, during lesson students are passive, there is minimal feedback because it relies more on the hearing sense and encourage limited retention of knowledge. It does not allow students to think for themselves or solve problems (Hontonyon 2004).

According to National Curriculum for JSS Business Studies (Federal ministry of education). Junior Secondary Schools offering Business Studies are required to have among others, the following facilities and equipment, a typing pool, a computer room equipped with UPS, monitor printer plus other ICT facilities. Television, CDs, internet connections etc. all these are meant to provides saleable skills to the students such that at the completion of their studies they can become employable.

However a situation whereby students are been taught using chalk and blackboard negates the objectives of the national policy of Education. Because hence this majority of the student graduates without saleable skills and are therefore unemployable. Research is been carried out to find out ways and means by which Educational facilities and materials affects academic performances of students in the teaching and learning of Business studies in junior Secondary schools in Ado-Odo local Education Districts in Ogun State.

1.3   PURPOSE OF THE STUDY

        The general purpose of this study is to improve the teaching and learning of business studies in junior Secondary schools. Specifically the study will try to;

  1. Identify the problems facing the teaching of business studies in junior Secondary schools.
  2. Identify the materials and equipment presently it being used to impact the teaching and learning in junior secondary school.
  3. Strategies for improving the teaching and learning of business studies in junior secondary schools.

1.4   SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

        How the study would be significant to junior secondary Business Studies teacher, students, parents, business communities and Ogun State government.

1.5           RESEARCH QUESTIONS

        The following research questions will be examined under this study:

  1. What are the problems facing the teaching of business studies in junior secondary schools?
  2. What are the materials and equipment presently being used to impact the teaching and learning of Business studies in junior secondary schools in Ado-odo Ota Local Government Districts of Ogun State?
  3. What are the strategies for improving the teaching and learning of business studies in junior secondary schools in Ado-Odo Ota Local Education District of Ogun State?

1.6   RESEARCH HYPOTHESES

        The following hypotheses will be tested by the study at 0.05 level of significance

  1. There is no significant difference in the mean responses of junior Secondary Business teachers teaching in Junior Secondary Schools and parents of Junior Secondary school students in Junior Secondary School in Ado-Odo/Ota LED on the problem facing the teaching in business Studies in junior secondary school in Ado-Odo/Ota LED Ogun State.
  2. There is no significant difference in the standard of number of classroom facility and what exist in the study area.

Hypothesis II

        There will be no significances difference in the mean responses of Junior Secondary business studies teachers, Junior Secondary business studies students and PARENTS OF Business Studies Students in junior Secondary schools in Ado-odo/Ota LED in Ogun State on the materials and equipment presently being used to impact the teaching and learning of business studies in junior Secondary schools in Ado-odo Ota LED.

Hypothesis III

        There will be no significance difference in the mean response or ratings of business studies teachers, junior secondary business studies students, and parents of Junior secondary business studies in Ado-Odo Ota LED in Ogun State on the strategies.

1.7   DELIMITATION OF THE STUDY

        The research was carried out in Ado-Odo Ota local Government district of Ogun State. The sample schools included

  1. Agbara Grammar School, Agabra
  2. Adie-owe Community High School, Adie-owe ketu
  3. Alamuwa Grammar School, Ado odo
  4. Male Comprehensive High School Igbesa.
  5. Agbara Community High School, Eedu
  6. Iganmode Community High School, Sango Ota.

1.8   DEFINITION OF TERMS

IMPACT:  Means to have an effect, or the process of identifying the future consequence of a current or proposed action.

EDUCATION:   Is the act of acquiring knowledge through continuous schooling system.

EDUCATIONAL FACILITIES:  are facilities provided to student so that they use every opportunity to develop full potential.

FACILITY:  A place especially buildings where a particular activity happens.

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