THE EFFECTIVENESS OF GUIDANCE SERVICES ON THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS IN SOME SELECTED SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN IFAKO IJAIYE LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF LAGOS STATE
This study examines the effectiveness of guidance services on the academic performance of students. The participation for the study comprised one hundred (100) students randomly selected from five (5) different private secondary school in Ifako-Ijaiye Local Government Area of Lagos State. A self-constructed question validated for the purpose of data was statistically analyzed using descriptive statistics of simple percentage for demographic data and chi-square to analyze the data. Findings showed that adequate and properly guidance services rendered has effect on students academic performance. It was therefore recommended that Government should follow-up her policy statement by setting up a task force whose primary function will be to evaluate and ensure that counsellors sent to schools render proper, relevant and adequate guidance services to students.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title page i
Table of Contents vii
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
1.1 Background of the Study 1
1.2 Statement of the Problem 3
1.3 Purpose of the Study 5
1.4 Research Questions 5
1.5 Hypothesis 6
1.6 Significant of Study 7
1.7 Delimitation of the Study 8
1.6 Limitation of Study 8
1.7 Definition of Term 10
CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW 11
2.1 Meaning of Guidance 12
2.2 History of Guidance and Counselling in
2.3 Differences between Guidance and Counselling 27
2.4 Nature of Guidance 30
2.5 The Usefulness of Guidance and Counselling in Schools 35
2.6 Why Do We Need Guidance and Counselling in School 35
2.7 Importance of Guidance and Counselling Services in Schools 37
2.8 Academic Performance or Achievement 40
2.9 The Effectiveness of Academic Performance on Guidance and Counselling 42
2.10 Factors Affecting the Effectiveness of Guidance and Counselling 45
CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
3.1 Research Design 47
3.2 Population of the Study 48
3.3 Sample and Sampling Procedure 48
3.4 Research Instrument 49
3.5 Validity of the Instrument 49
3.6 Method of Data Collection 49
3.7 Method of Data Analysis 50
CHAPTER FOUR: PRESENTATION OF DATA
ANALYSIS OF FINDING 51
CHAPTER FIVE: DISCUSSION OF SUMMARY,
CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS
5.1 Discussion of Summary 60
5.2 Observation 61
5.3 Conclusion 61
5.4 Recommendations 62
1.1 Background of the Study
Everything in life, better expressed, every profession in life needs guidance, every crawling little child has to be taught, how to walk, and ever stuttering child has to be taught how to talk, the same scenario can be carried over to the importance of guidance services in an unstable and degenerating society like ours.
We are at a point, our life as a country that our graduates in several professions cannot practice the knowledge they claim to have gotten in the university, electrical engineering graduate cannot differentiate between a screw driver and a tester.
A civil engineering graduate that cannot mold a block and all these are fall out from wrong choice of course at the post primary level. Majority of dysfunction graduate are talented in one way or the other and they allow such talents to wallow away.
The intentions of guidance services are; to help individuals to understand themselves and their world. These services also assist authorities/teachers in understanding the individuals better and hence be better prepared to derive maximum benefits from those who go through the experience of guidance services.
The government has also added its voice to the significance of guidance services in schools, by making a policy statement that career officers and counselors would be appointed in post primary institutions and government would continue to make provision for the training of interested teachers in guidance and counselling. Some studies have been carried out on guidance services.
According to Ikegbuman (2000) students do not know of the opportunities open to them in the world of work. Other students by Egbile and Egwuyanga (2001) have found that group counselling can improve student’s academic performance.
Akinboye (2004), for instance, found out that group counselling has positive effects on some skills of the academically mentally retarded pupils in schools.
In conclusion, this research work shall however, find out the effectiveness of guidance services on the academic performance of students.
1.2 Statement of Problems
In secondary school today, parents has allowed their families to be struck by many powerful forces that are at work threatening the very existence of children’s lives.
Risk factory vary from one secondary school to another and this includes examination malpractices, families, AIDS, heart diseases, cancer and a host of other things. In sub Saharan African, Aids has become the number one killer in a recent year claiming 2.2 million lives ten times the death toll from all Africans civil wars, say U.S. news and world report.
War, famines, epidemics, natural disasters have caused immeasurable pain. Innumerable tears, death including death of defenseless women, children and elderly men. It is a sad fact of life that for many young boys and girls in junior secondary school such as childhood is out of reach.
Thousands or perhaps millions of childhood dream are shattered when children become victims of war. Imagine a child feels safer outside than living at home where they need all the love and protection they can get such children have to learn to be street wise enough to find off predators eager to exploit them.
Many students in secondary school get involve in peer pressure, pre-marital sex, bestiality, homosexuality, nationalism, touts, masturbation, cultism, pornography, globalization indiscipline, hatred, armed robbery, hired killers, child abuse, drug abuse, dropouts and many others. Children are such school heels regret, rejected and insecure and afflicted.
1.3 Purpose of the Study
This study examines the effects of guidance services on the academic performance of some selected secondary schools in Ifako-Ijaiye Local Government Area of Lagos State.
1.4 Research Questions
- Does Guidance and counselling affect students academic performance positively?
- What are the factors hindering the effectiveness of guidance service in schools?
- Can gender affect guidance service on secondary school students?
- Can guidance service bring about permanent change in behaviour ?
- Can vocational guidance and counselling brings about effectiveness of guidance service in some selected secondary schools.
- There is no significant relationship between guidance and counselling and student academic performance.
- There is no significant relationship between student attitude and guidance and counselling.
- There is no significant relationship between peer influence and guidance and counselling towards student academic performance.
- There is no significant relationship between influence of counselling on male students academic performance.
1.6 Significant of Study
In the cause of this study, we are going to examine how the service of guidance and counselling will change the academic performances of students in some selected secondary school.
This study will also provide ways in which students can abstain from drug abuses, unwanted pregnancies, peer pressures, pre-marital sex, legacies, dropouts, hatred, homosexuality and bestiality.
We will also see the need for these students to change in their cause of living. Students will be encouraged on how to cope with school activities.
Students in secondary school will be encouraged on moral adjustment and how they can be developed.
In the course of this study, parents will be encouraged on how to cope with their children and that children should be allowed to play and to express themselves freely, laugh etc. because as they say “All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy”.
1.7 Delimitation of the Study
- This study will help parents to guide their children through parental guidance and also how they can help their children to adjust morally.
- This study will also help the students in some selected secondary school in Ifako-Ijaiye local government area to abstain from all kinds of immorality and uncleanness.
- This study will reveal to parents their fault when it comes to parental guidance and morality.
1.8 Limitation of Study
This study will be limited to students in four secondary schools in Ifako-Ijaiye Local Government Area. They are:
- Universal White Hall College
- Starfield Secondary School
- Providence Height Secondary School
- Chalkheel Secondary School
- Honeyspring Secondary School.
This study will have limit on the parents in those schools in Ifako-Ijaiye area.
1.9 Definition of Term
Guidance Services: is a type of professional help given to individual and or small groups to deal with personal education and vocational needs.
Counselling Services: is a process by which a troubled person (the counselee or client) is helped to feel and behave in a more personally satisfying manner through interaction with an uninvolved person(the counsellor) who provides information and reactions which stimulate the client to develop behaviour which enables his deal more effectively with himself and his environment.
Parental guidance: is a direction or instruction from someone or person that put one to birth.
Moral Adjustment: simply means improvement on standard or behaviour or principles of right and wrong.
Perseverance: keeping on steadily coping with difficulties.
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