HOME FACTORS AND STUDENTS ACADEMIC ACTIVITIES; IMPLICATION FOR COUNSELLING
In this 21st Century that education have taken the front role in human life. People have been complaining about the poor or deteriorating academic performance of students and its possible effect on the development of the country and the future of individuals. Hence the study “home factors and students academic activities; implication for counselling”.
This study therefore was an attempt to find out the effect that home factor which is the first learning point and developmental foundation on which all other achievement comes from. It was carried out using some selected secondary schools in Ado Odo Ota Local Government of Ogun State.
The purpose of the study was to determine the role of home factors, impact of family size, and influence of polygamous family on the students’ academic activities. It was also the aim of the study to wake school guidance counselor, teachers as well as school administrators and government to. Conversance of the individuals from different family background when teaching, planning and executing the academic activities of the students.
The subject of the study comprised 100 students from five selected secondary schools in Ado Odo Ota Local Government. The questionnaire method was used as research instrument. The result showed that students from stable, motivating home who have conjoinedly the needed support and materials from parents and community achieved high academically while the students from poor economic and unstable home perform below the required expectation or time out to be a late achiever.
TABLE OF CONTENT
Title page i
Table of content viii
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
Background of the study 1
Statement of problem 4
Purpose of study 5
Research hypothesis 6
Significant of the study 6
Scope of the study 7
Definition of terms 7
CHAPTER TWO: REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE
Parental level of education 10
Parents interest in the student activities 12
Family size and structure. 15
Psychological situation of the home 17
Socio – economic background of student 19
CHAPTER THREE: INTRODUCTION
Research Design 26
Population of Study 27
Sample and Sampling techniques 27
Research Instrument 28
Method of Hypothesis 29
Method of data collection data Analysis 30
CHAPTER FOUR: PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS OF DATA
Discussion of findings 38
CHAPTER FIVE: RESULT SUMMARY AND RECOMMENDATION
Implication for counseling 51
Suggestion for further research 53
Appendix I 58
Appendix ii 63
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Home factor is an important factor to be considered when considering the students activities in academics.
According to oxford learner dictionary seventh edition 1997 home factor is used to refer to a family living together and the way it behaves with this, it should be an issue which deserves closer investigation in order to assess its real worth. Therefore, the present attempt is to study the effect of home and the environment on the academic activities of students.
In Nigeria today there is the need for the government (Federal and State to ensure proper and sound upbringing of children which may either make or mar their future. Many home are lagging behind in providing basic needs for their children which is attributed to the poor economic status of the country
Many of the parents now because of the government policy of free education refuse to complement government effort. This can be linked with the incessant strike or skeletal service of the teacher.
However, some parents also do not see the need to improve and supply the basic learning materials facilities to their children which is due to the wrong notion and misconception that nowadays student orientation are only towards Certificate and not really on cognitive and Psychomotor development which has strongly increased the unemployment situation in the country.
Looking at this issue genuinely within the Nigeria context, the low level of technological development has really cause a setback on education and other ways of life Brembeek L.S (1981).
Many town are not enjoying steady power supply or even some country not electrified. It is believed that this will have serious impact on the learning activities of the student now that audio-visual teaching or instructional materials is very good for this age, this may not give the expected result on the teacher work.
The crazy rush for certificate by the society and students endless searching for opportunities everywhere has increase the moral decadence, gross indiscipline and examination malpractices which now make many parents to go for settlement for their children to have success.
The need to address the problem cannot be over stressed. This has become necessary because of the drastic falling in the standard of education and performance of the students.
Apart from providing committed teacher with unique value and methodology, parents need more enlightenment while the students need more encouragement incentives and follow up.
According to Hurlock (2005), the home background and parental attitude to school activities and education generally are some of the strongest and less persistence in determining the child interest and his consequent attitudes to education. Never the less Favant (2004) is of the opinion that children who grows in home where the mind is stimulated developed mentally more than those from homes where there is not incentives for mental growth exercise. It is to be noted that all behavior is a response to some stimulus in the environment.
According to Henderson (1994) research conducted for over three decades have shown that parents family and environment involvement have significantly contributed in various ways to improve students outcome related to learning and school success.
Therefore, this research investigate the likely effect of home, attitude of parent on the academic achievement of students.
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
In the cause of teaching there have been reaction which are both negative and positive from different quarters concerning the academic activities of the students.
Importantly, among them are the effect of home, the students, children of some homes are slow learners, some are fast learners while some are of average. This is attributable to development traits which the children were exposed to and learned.
According to Sander and Epstem (2001) there is the need for comprehensive partnership which should involve the school providing a variety of opportunities for schools families and communities to work together. Therefore it arose, ones interest to know the causes of the effect of the partnership are likely to be.
PURPOSE OF STUDY
The purpose of this study is
- To analyze the role of home factors in determining student activities
- To examine the impact of family size on the academic activities of a student
- To recommend how well the home of a child could be used to enhance their academic activities in general.
- To torch-light the likely antidote to gender problem and to rectify such effect as it can affect the academic activities of students
- There will be significant relationship between socio-economic background and students academic activities.
- There will be no significant relationship between polygamous home (multiple wives) and the student academic activities.
- There will be no significant relationship between gender and students academic activities.
SIGNIFICANT OF THE STUDY
This study purports to have a clearer picture of the effects of home on the students (both positively and negatively)
- It would help in re-orientating the general perception of the educational system towards certificates and while collar job
- It should anchor enlightenment and illumination to the society as a whole as regards education.
- It should also identify the cause and panaceas of the subject matter.
SCOPE OF THE STUDY
The study will be carried out in some secondary schools in Ado-Odo Ota Local Government area of Ogun State.
The researcher will make use of observation method, interviewing and some selected samples comprising of students of senior classes, junior classes, class teachers and parents or guardians. It is also limited to attitudinal study.
DEFINITION OF TERMS
ACTIVITIES – Advance learner dictionary 1995 defines it as thing that you do in order to achieve a particular aim. It can also mean all the aspects of schooling or all the criteria’s that students will undergo before any learning can take place. School and Home Programs
HOME – According to oxford learner dictionaries seventh edition 1997, home refers to a family living together and the way it behaves, meaning that the attitude exhibited by each member of the family.
IMPLICATION – This can be explain as possible effect, result of an action or a decision. It means the expectant result or resultant effect of action on the affected person.
COUNSELLING – According to Adeniyi (2008) counseling is a process of helping an individual to become fully aware of himself and the way in which is responding to the influence in his environment. This is how to help people to realize their potentiality and be out of their shallow or narrow minded thinking.
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