CAUSES OF MASS FAILURE IN ENGLISH LANGUAGE AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS (A STUDY OF SELECTED SCHOOLS IN BADAGRY EDUCATION DISTRICT)
This study focused on the “Causes of mass failure in English language among secondary school students in Badagry Local Government Area of Lagos state”.
The study employed descriptive survey method and simple random sampling techniques was used to select one hundred and twenty (120) students. It was hypothesized that rules of grammar, incomplete and lack of teachers to modern method of teaching English Language will not have any significant influence but all was accepted.
Data collected was analyzed with the use of simple percentage and influential statistics of chi-square (x2). The result proved that grammar rules, incomplete and teacher’s exposure to modern method of teaching English language have significant influence on students’ learning English language.
The following recommendation are therefore proffer seminars and workshops should be organized at a regular bases to teach and explain the rules of grammar, construction of complete sentence and to expose teachers to modern method of teaching English Language. Rules and regulation should be made by Government to put stop to unqualified teachers.
Nigerian government should propagate laws which will guide student and teachers in teaching & learning of English language in Nigeria.
TABLE OF CONTENT
Title Page i
Table of Content viii-xi
1.0 Introduction 1
1.1 Background of the study 1-5
1.2 Statement of the problem 5-6
1.3 Purpose of the study 6
1.4 Research Questions 7
1.5 Research Hypotheses 7-8
1.6 Significance of the study 8
1.7 Delimitation of the study 8-9
1.8 Definition of terms 9
CHAPTER TWO: REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE
2.0 Introduction 10
2.1 What is English? 11-19
2.2 What is English Language? 19-21
2.3 What is failure? 22
2.4 What is mass failure? 22
2.5 What is English language in Nigeria? 22-30
2.6 What are the functions of English language in Nigeria 30-35
2.7 Status of language in Nigeria 35
2.8 English language teaching 35-38
2.9 Factors affecting effective teaching of English language in Nigeria 38-44
CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
3.1 Research design 45
3.2 Population of the Study 46
3.3 Sample and Sampling Techniques 46-47
3.4 Research instrument 47-48
3.5 Validation of the Instrument 48
3.6 Reliability of the Instrument 48
3.7 Administration of instrument 48-49
3.8 Data collection 49
3.9 Data analysis 49
- Result and Discussion 50
- Demographic Data Analysis 50
- Data Analysis and Discussion 51-63
5.0 Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation 64
5.1 Summary 64-66
5.2 Conclusion 66
5.3 Implication of the study 67
5.4 Recommendations 68-69
5.5 Limitation of the study 69
5.6 Suggestion for further study 70
- BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
Education is the key to creating, applying and spreading new ideas and technologies. It is critical for sustaining growth as it argument the cognitive and other skill which in turn increases labour and productivity. It is the intellectual catalyst of development for a nation and the individual. Primary education is/are recognized globally as the major avenue for promoting mass literacy and consequently, rapid national development. The recognition of the importance of free universal and compulsory primary education has led to the various declaration and action at the national and international level sentence combining strategy & primary in spoken written and reading of English in Ibadan, Nigeria 532. Some conference are also made such as the United Nations General Assembly of 1959, the conference of African Ministers of Education held in Addis Ababa in 1961 and the Jomtien conference in 1990. Among the declaration is the right of child to basic education that is the tree of universal and compulsory education which must be achieved by the year 2015.
The importance of Language in literacy development and the process of acquiring language is continuous and endless. According to (Cooper 2000). Indicate further that children acquire literacy that is reading, writing and spoken of English language when they have a need that is meaningful and real through interactions.
This trend involves whole meaningful supportive and continuous process. Some research findings by Idopo (1981-2005), Ajayi (1981-2005), Ajila (2003-2005), Jiboku (1991) and Ayodele (1983) have also indicate that literacy problem is as a result of the weak foundation at the primary school level. Also Idoyo (2005), Ajayi (2004) and Ajila (2003) Trade the trend of this problem to the primary school where the foundation for learning English language as a means to inculcate permanent literacy and numeracy for effective communicative skill is supposed to be laid.
In most part of the world, English Language is used as the means of communication, mass media, language of commerce and it is also called Lingua franca. In Nigeria, the enviable position attained by the language in virtually all the sphere of the nation is without measure even at the educational level as it is the language of education.
In the Nigerian educational system, English is used as the language of instruction from primary four in the upper classes of primary school through tertiary level. It has become a window through which sound academic excellence can be viewed and attained.
Despite the importance attached to the English language, the primary school level as pupils performance revealed in common entrance examination both in the subject and other subjects which are expressed through the use of English language is still very low. It may be proper to say that the poor performance of students generally in English Language lay on the poor foundation of primary school and could not be unconnected with their inability to write a good composition. The poor performance of student in various examinations especially the West African Examination Council WAEC) is on the increase. According to Adepoju (1999). He indicate that among the factors that is responsible for the student poor performances as identified by the chief examiner report for the year 2000 and some researcher such as Idogo (2005), Ajayi (2004), Ezekiel (1999), Adelabi (1998), Jiboku (1998) and Ayodele (1984) conclude that poor knowledge of the rules of grammar, ignorance of acceptable sentence pattern, inability to construct a complete sentence and lack of teachers’ exposure to modern method of teaching. This had led to many research efforts, which have also directed towards the factors responsible for the conditions and what could be done to rectify this problem.
- STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
The research sought to find out causes of mass failure in English Language.
Furthermore, it determines the major problem, which bring about poor performance of pupils and student in English language. According to Idogo (2005) states these problems as follows:
- Poor knowledge of the rules of grammar
- Inability to construct a complete sentence
- Ignorance of acceptable sentence patterns
- Lack of teachers exposure to modern methods of teaching
- PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
The purpose of study therefore can be viewed below:
The study seeks to find out
- The reason for the poor knowledge of student in English language
- To seek out why students are not capable to construct a complete sentence
- Examine the nature of English Language and the method of teaching in the classroom setting
- RESEARCH QUESTIONS
The following research questions are addressed in this study:
- Could poor knowledge of the rules of grammar will significantly contribute to causes of mass failure in English language?
- Could the inability to construct complete sentence be responsible for mass failure in English language?
- Could the causes of mass failure in English language be blamed on lack of teacher’s exposure to modern method of teaching?
- RESEARCH HYPOTHESES
- Poor knowledge of the rules of grammar will significantly contribute to causes of mass failure in English Language
- Inability to construct a complete sentence will significantly contribute to the problem of mass failure in English Language
- There will be no significant difference between causes of mass failure in English language and Lack of teacher’s exposure to modern methods of teaching.
- SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
The result of this study will provide basis for the development of interest of the student in higher learning, government policy, curriculum planners, teacher and parent. It is also believed that the finding of this study will provoke further research in knowing the causes of mass failure in English Language
- SCOPE OF THE STUDY
This will focus mainly on the causes of mass failure in English Language in Badagry Education District of Lagos state.
- DEFINITION OF TERMS
ACADEMICS: A thing or scholarly and theoretical interest.
TREND: It means the history or background of a certain things or phenomena
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