Background to the Study

The general problem of unemployment and job scarcity have become a lingering plague in Nigeria especially among the youths and undergraduates.  This effect is traceable to lack of government intervention in establishing sound and measurable employment opportunities with respect to the funding, revitalization and training of manpower for vocational and technical aspect of job opportunities.

          These government intervention policies have to be steady because vocational and technical education is one of the most effective means of bringing total change to the economic development of a country.

Invariably, it is worthy of note to say that any nation that embraces and encourages her citizens to study vocational and technical education attempts to close the wide gap and eradicate societal attitudes of coal vices and unemployment and also gives a clear concept to citizenry on how to develop economically.

In many vocational center’s, it has been discovered that the implementation and activities of vocational and technical oriented jobs such as fish farming, crop and animal production, snail production, horticulture and landscaping, crop production, processing, packaging and marketing, automobile and mechanical, carpentry and wood work, technology, building and construction.

Painting and decoration, fine and applied arts, sculptural and graphic designing, electrical and electronics, typing, photocopying, marketing, accounting, clerk, receptions, advertising in Business education, computer and software applied and packages, small and medium scale enterprises, food processing and technology.  Catering services, home management and health care delivery service among others have been ineffective, poorly implemented and irregularly practiced, (Aliu, 2010)

The major rationale for this occurrence is the fact that, most of the experience and highly qualified vacationists and technicians often change from their primary roles as self-employed with saleable skills that can lead to training of other people for job creation and expansion of the standard of living of people in which they have acquired skills and knowledge to other job oriented opportunities especially in the non-vocational and technical industries.  These phenomenon is generally referred to as “occupational slippage”

Occupational slippage, which is the divergence of one skills, knowledge and many years of experience of a more practical promising, practical-oriented activities of a less practical but profit oriented activities is otherwise known by many scholars, researchers, as “ownership business charge’ or ‘ownership charge in Labour’.

Aliu (2010) noted that when an individual who has been trained in skillful handiwork or vocational occupation divert all the acquired skills to a non-vocational or non-practical jobs, it is called ‘occupational slippage’ and has great effects on the unemployed sects because the unemployed sects are primarily looking forward to vocational based jobs for alternatives employment opportunities as government or even some private owned organizations jobs do not come by at a hopeful and sound promising state.

Unemployment has become the other of the day, jobs are no longer easy to come by, the slow growth in the economy of Nigeria for many years even eroded opportunities in other alternative sector of vocational occupational sector.

But it should be noted that occupational slippage is usually caused by employment conditions because most occupations are often characterized by poor working conditions delayed payment of salaries, lack of good working tools and equipment whereas the salary, security, interest in the job, working conditions and opportunities for development and advancement are better in the industries than what obtain in the other job areas (Hontonyon, Osien, etal 2010)

Conversely, employees who performed low-skilled services, physical labour or personal services work exhibited a shift toward lower wage range, possible because the low-paid workers were retained or hired at higher rates than their paid counter parts or because higher paid workers received pay cuts.

Statement of the Problem

          The negative attitude of vocational towards their occupation could be well justified based on the pre-ponderance of better job opportunities in non-vocational sector in both rural and urban centers. However current events have shown that the  job are no longer easy to come by the slow growth in the end as trial sector due to many years of economic recession had eroded opportunities in other alternative sector of vocational occupation sector .it is high time to develop strategy for the growth and survival of vocational sectors so as to curb occupation slippage and ensure employment / opportunities in large scale.

Purpose of the Study

          The main purpose of this study are stated this

  1. To investigate the main cause of occupational slippage in vocational and technical sectors
  2. To identify the effect of occupational slippage on unemployed people
  3. To identify cases of occupational slippage and causes of occupation that are liable to slippage
  4. To suggest possible solution to the problem of occupation slippage in vocational and technical occupations.
  5. To present the study for further research purpose.
  6. To highlight the Effect of occupation slippage on unemployed people in ojo vocation district

Significance of the Study

The following are the main importance of the study

  1. The study will help to investigation the main cause of occupation slippage on vocational an technical sectors.
  2. There is no significant relationship between vocational education and unemployment.
  3. There is no significant difference between the role played in finding solution to the problem of occupation slippage.

Scope of the Study

          The main scope of this study is the effect of occupation slippage on unemployed people in Ojo Vocation District, it will equally the cause and possible way of curbing occupational slippage.

Limitation  of the Study

The study is limited to research forum in business education department school of vocational and technical education, Lagos State University of Education, Otto/Ijanikin, Lagos. All research is limited to Ojo Vocational Centre.

Definition of Terms

The following are defined as operated in the study

Effects: A change that cause in a result, the effect of heat on metal to learn to distinguish between the beneficial effects of exercise.

Occupation: A job or profession

Slippage: Failure to achieve an aim or complete a task by a particular date or a slight of gradual fall in the amount value, etc.

Unemployed: With a job although able to word.

Unemployment: The fact of a number of people not having a job the number of people without a job.

People: Person, men, women, and children and person in general or everyone, all the person who live in a particular place or belong to a particular country.

Strategy: A plan that is intended to achieve a particular purpose, or the process of planning.

Curbing: Something that controls and puts limits on.

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