PRINCIPALS LEADERSHIP STYLES AND TEACHERS JOB PERFORMANCE IN SOME SELECTED SECONDARY SCHOOL IN BADAGRY LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA.
This study sought to identify the leadership styles of principals of secondary schools and how this will affect teachers’ job performance in Badagry Local Government area of Lagos State. The research instrument tagged: principals’ leadership styles and teachers’ job performance was designed to obtain information on the leadership style of principals in Lagos State. Three research hypotheses were raised to obtained information:
 Data gathered from instrument were collected and analyzed using chi-square. The finding of study reveal that:
[i] Leadership style of principals in Badagry Local Government Area of Lagos State were in between authoritarian and democratic style.
[ii] Democratic leadership style will influence the performance of the teachers positively towards achievement of school goal.
[iii] Laissez-faire leadership style create a vacuum which can only bring about anarchy, low efficiency and could even leads to laziness
 Based on the result of this study, it was recommended that:
[i] Principals in secondary schools should be exposed to workshop on open style of administration to further enrich their experience on democratic administrative style.
[ii] Secondly, that government should make it a point for all principals to always consult with other members of staff in their school before any concrete decision.
1.1. BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
Education in Nigeria is an instrument for effecting national development. The country’s educational goals have been set out in the national policy on education in terms of their relevance to the needs of the individual and the society [FGN, 2004]. Towards this end, the national policy on education set up certain aims and objectives which were to facilitate educational development in the country. In fostering these aims and objectives, the school principal has important role to play. Among this roles includes providing effective leadership in secondary schools, thereby enhancing better job performance among teachers. How effectively the principal his in performing these roles has been a matter of concern to many educationists.
[Aghenta, 2000, Ige, 2001]. They are of the opinion that since the senior secondary education in Nigeria schools is for a period of 3 years and it is for students who had successfully completed the junior secondary education programme.
It is therefore, not surprising that there is pressure mounted on effective leadership among principals of secondary schools in Badagry Local Government of Lagos State, Nigeria. It seems however that many principals have not considered teachers job performance in their schools. Hence some of them seem to find it difficult to effectively administer their schools. [Oyedeji, 1998, Adeyemi 2004] As such, leadership styles occupies an important position in school management in Badagry, Lagos State, Nigeria. The school principal is in a unique position as the manager or administrator who control schools resources for the purpose of attaining organizational goal.
Peretomode  defines leadership as the quality, capacity, capability and ability organizes others for the purpose of attaining set goals of a group, organization or society.
According to Peretomode he says that leadership is the process of using individual’s talents quality and capabilities to influence the behaviour and activities of other such that a set task can be readily accomplished.
Olujowon , defines leaderships as a person with power over others who exercise power for the purpose of influencing their behaviour. That I to show that leader has influence within and outside the organization, he/ provide direction for the group to follow and above all, help in the achievement of the goal and objectives of the group.
It is obvious then, that if there is no leadership, there is going be anarchy, that is to say it will lead to the state of lawlessness. Without leadership, organization will not achieve it’s objectives because there is nobody to plan, organize and control and organizational mission. Without leadership, there will be such thing as uncontrolled, unrestricted behaviour.
Ajiboye  says that the leadership role should not be overcentralised. He should realized that he needs to manage human and material resources. The human resource are us to manage the materials resources. She further explains that, the leader should also know that he cannot do the work of administration alone.
Olatunji  defines leadership as the process or activity concerned with influencing the behaviours of others and the motivation efforts in a specific situation towards a goal.
Ajobiewe  leadership is a sum total of what makeup leadership inner ability to lead, instruct, direct, command and influence a person or group of people to carryout a specific assignment with speed, accuracy , precision and remarkable result.
1.2. STATEMEN OF THE PROBLEM
Leadership in an organization is a situation where one person motivates others to works for the achievement of specific goals. Without leadership, an organization will not achieve its objectives because there is nobody to plan organize or control the organizational goals.
Therefore, this study will attempt to find out:
[i] The leadership style used by principal in some selected senior secondary schools in Badagry, Lagos State.
[ii] The influence of this styles used by principal on the job performance of teachers in Badagry Lagos State secondary schools.
[iii] The students and teachers satisfaction with the styles of principal of their schools.
[iv] The leadership styles the principles in the secondary school in Badagry, Lagos State considered to be the best for adoption.
1.3. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
[i] To identity the leadership styles used by the principals and the influence on job performance of teachers.
[ii] To identify the leadership styles that would not affect teacher’s co-operation and the attainment of school goals and objectives.
[iii] To determine the influence of a good leadership.
[iv] To recommend an appropriate leadership style that can be used by leaders in attaining of schools goals and objectives.
1.4. RESEARCH QUESTION
In an attempt to study the principal leadership styles and teachers job performance in some selected secondary schools in Badagry Local Government of Lagos State, the following research questions were raised for guide and smooth investigation.
[i] What will be the disposition of teachers to authoritarian leadership styles?
[ii] Will principal democratic leadership styles influence teacher job performance in the selected secondary schools?
[iii] To what extent will a laissez-faire leadership affect job performance of teachers and even students academic performance?
1.5. RESEARCH HYPOTHESES
[i] There will be no significant relationship between an authoritarian leadership styles and job performance of teachers.
[ii] There will be no significant relationship between the influence of a democratic leadership style and teacher job performance in secondary schools.
[iii] There will be no significant relationship between a laissez-faire leadership style and academic performance of students.
1.6. SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
[i] The importance of this study is to identify the various leadership styles that can be adopted by the principals of secondary schools.
[ii] The study would also enable the principals to realize that the attainment of schools goals and objective depend on the leadership styles adopted by them.
[iii] The styles would also enable the principal to realize that the cooperation of teachers working with them can be realized, if the right leadership style is adopted on them.
1.7. LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
This was based on the leadership styles that are available for adoption by principals of some selected secondary schools in Badagry Local Government of Lagos State. It is difficult to cover all the schools in Lagos State due to distance and short of period or time duration. Therefore, some schools were selected and were made the focus of this study in Badagry Local Government Area of Lagos State.
1.8. DELIMITATION OF THE STUDY [SCOPE OF THE STUDY]
The research work focuses on the principal leadership styles and job performance of teachers in some selected secondary school in Badagry Lagos State.
This study was delimited to ten  secondary schools in Badagry Local Government Area in Lagos State. Ten  teachers were selected from each of the ten  schools. This comprises the teachers and principals in Badagry Local Government Area of Lagos State.
1.9. DEFINATION OF TERMS
Principal: The word “Principal” is used in the study to denote the administrator and academic head of secondary schools. This is the name by which secondary school administer are known in Nigeria.
Leadership Styles: This can be defined as the behaviour style of the principal in relation to the management of the school staff and students.
Leadership: Leadership is the ability, capability or quality exhibited by a person who organizes, direct, controls and leads other for a group a society.
Hence, this definition implies that:
[a] Leadership is the art of process of influencing people so that, they will willingly strive towards the achievement of the goals of the society or group.
[b] It implies a person’s stature or position of authority or power.
Teacher: A person whose job is to teach especially in a school.
Job: A particularly, task or piece of work that you have to do. It can also be defined as work for which you receive regular payment.
Organization: This is group of people, who tend to become entities inward of themselves. The constituents of these entities may be viewed from three panels [i] individual [ii] small groups [iii] and organizational units.
Followership: This concept of followership means being led or giving support to somebody for example, a leader followership is a term closely associated with leadership. It is used to describe the qualities or caliber of people being directed, organized, controlled and led for the attainment of community or organizational set goals.
Democratic Leadership: This is one who demonstrates respect for every person in the group. It is a leadership style in which both the leader and the group participate in the formulation of policies.
In order words, decision making and communication are based on consultation, deliberation and social participation among the group.
Autocratic Leadership: This is the type in which service is emphasized at the expensive of group consideration. Decisions are made exclusively by the leader who is an autocrat, and who believes that human being are evil, suspect, weak, unwilling to work incapable of self determination and with limited reasoning does not give for followers to make a choice.
Laissez-faire Leadership: It is known as no leadership at all. There is complete delegation of authority to subordinates that they can make decision by themselves. There is freedom to do as they wish to go and come as they like. Group members are left alone to set and pursue their own goal.
School: This is a place of instruction, institution for educating children and adults.
Performance: How well or badly you do something, how well or badly something work. It can a work, job, an action etc,
Student: A person who is studying at a school, especially a secondary school.
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