INVESTIGATING THE CAUSES AND EFFECTS OF INDISCIPLINE ON STUDENTS ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN SELECTED SECODNARY SCHOOLS IN AMUWO-ODOFIN LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF LAGOS STATE
The purpose of this research project was to investigate the causes and effects of indiscipline on students academic performance in secondary schools. 100 students and 50 teachers were randomly selected from five senior secondary schools in Amuwo-Odofin Local Government Area of Lagos State. Data collected were done with the administration of a questionnaire, which laid emphasis on modern methods of discipline control in schools and methods of enforcing discipline. It also emphasizes on the various vices committed by students in senior secondary schools and different types of indisciplinary acts in schools. Data analysis involved simple percentages as the method of calculation.
The results indicated that parents, teachers and governments are the main causes of indiscipline in our senior secondary schools. The results also indicate that there is no significant relationship between students’ indiscipline and their academic performance.To improve on academic performance of students, recommendations and suggestions were made, which includes parents taking proper care of their children, government formulating functional educational policy, teachers ensuring careful dispensation of justice among students and also avoiding corporal punishment at all times for students.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Table of Contents vii-ix
CHAPTER I: INTRODUCTION 1
Background of to the Study 1
Statement of the Problem 2
Purpose of the Study 3
Research Questions 3
Significance of the Study 4
Delimitations of the Study 5
Definition of Terms 5
CHAPTER II: REVIEW OF LITERATURE 7
The Meaning of Discipline 8
The Concept of Discipline in Schools 9
The Meaning of Indiscipline 11
The Concept of Indiscipline 12
The Act of Indiscipline 13
Causes of Indiscipline 14
Different Types of Indiscipline 21
Effects of Indiscipline 24
Modern Discipline Control in Schools 26
Methods of Enforcing Discipline and Academic Performance 27
Participation in Students’ Unruly Behaviour, Indiscipline and
Academic Performance 29
CHAPTER III: METHODOLOGY 30
Research Design 30
Population of the Study 31
Sample and Sampling Technique 31
Research Instrument 32
Validity of the Instrument 32
Reliability of the Instrument 33
Administration of Instrument 33
Data Collection 33
Data Analysis 34
CHAPTER IV: RESULTS AND DISCUSSION 35 Demographic Data Analysis 35
Inferential Statistical Analysis: Testing of the Hypotheses 38
Discussion of Results 44
CHAPTER V: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS 47
Summary 47 Conclusion 48
Limitations of the Study 53
Suggestions for Further Studies 53
APPENDIX (Sample Questionnaire Used) 56
Background to the Study
Indiscipline has over the years become reality of our educational sector. One of the real world problems in the educational sector is the problem of school indiscipline which continuously stares both researchers and educational practitioners in the face. We will be considering initiating factors for indiscipline in the Nigerian school setting.
The word “Indiscipline” means different things to different people and educational practitioners. Indiscipline means “the absence of discipline. It is as old as the existence of school. In an article titled “Low Morals in Government school Colleges” written in the Daily Times of 2nd February 1998, it denotes that lack of discipline, lack of proper training and upbringing, unruly behaviour, disobedience and disorder.
More often than not the whole society is curious about this act of indiscipline that is so rampant among our school students. Indiscipline is a nagging problem that we cannot only over rule its impact on our educational standard but also the damage it has done to the society at large. The degeneration state and persistent fall in the standard of education in Nigeria senior secondary schools call for immediate solution and attention.
Notable among these vices are sexual abuse, alcoholism, disrespect, lateness to school, stealing, lying, destruction of school property, aggressiveness in class, poor attitude to class activities, smoking in the school compound, forgery to examination malpractices, etc. aided and encouraged by school administration, teachers, parents and officials of examination board.
It is therefore against this background that this research is designed to investigate the causes and effects of indiscipline on the performance of students at the senior secondary school with particular reference and emphasis on senior secondary school students in Amuwo-Odofin Local Government Area of Lagos State.
Statement of the Problem
The need for this study is to improve the performance of students. It also sought to find out the causes and effects of indiscipline. The academic performance of students today has really been affected by indisciplinary act. They find it easy in their examinations through mischievous acts. Most students’ writing senior secondary school certificate examination (SSCE) and University Matriculation Examination (UME) buy their examination questions. They find a way of bringing the questions to the examination hall with an expert to write the examination for them.
The students are supposed to be exposed to the real concepts and contents of their subject matter but the reverse is the case. The teachers engage in collecting bribe from the students rather than teaching them the concepts and contents.
Purpose of the Study
The purpose of this study attempts to examine:
- How indisciplinary academic performance of students affects them at the senior secondary schools.
- The indices for measuring school indiscipline at the senior secondary school level in Amuwo Odofin local government
- The ways by which students’ academic performance will be improved.
- How can teachers and parents influence and affect the academic performance of students.
- The likely causes of indiscipline at the senior secondary school level.
- Is there any significant relationship between students’ indiscipline and their academic performance?
- Is there any significant relationship between students’ attitude and their academic performance?
- Does the orientation of the students from home affect their academic performance?
- What are the causes of indiscipline among students?
In the attempt to provide solutions to the problems of the study, the following null hypotheses were set:
Ho1: There will be no significant relationship between students’ indiscipline and their academic performance.
Ho2: There will be no significant relationship between the attitude of students and their academic performance
Ho3: There will be no significant relationship between students’ orientation from home and his or her academic performance.
Ho4 : There are no causes of indiscipline among students.
Significance of the Study
The need for this study is to improve the performance of students through proper upbringing and also inculcate the right disciplinary act in them. It will also assist teachers on how to plan for their students in order to yield good results in their academic performance.
This study will also go a long way to assist the curriculum planner on how to stop indisciplinary act in senior secondary schools. All students will also derive benefits from this study by helping them to avoid indisciplinary acts so as to perform excellently well in their educational pursuit.
Delimitations of the Study
This study was limited in scope to randomly selected secondary schools in Amuwo Odofin Local Government in Lagos State Educational District V. It also examines the causes of indiscipline and its effects on academic performance of students in senior secondary schools.
Definition of Terms
School Discipline – This refers to the way a school is organized to ensure that pupils gain most benefits by absorbing, learning and training themselves for adult life and developing their personalities.
Discipline – This is the control of conduct, either by an external authority or by individuals in order to ensure orderliness and social acceptability.
Indiscipline – This refers to uncontrolled conduct that brings about disorderliness and unacceptable behaviours. This could be educationally, socially, emotionally or morally. Indiscipline on academic performance could adversely affect the students’ professional career.
Academic Performance – This refers to how well or badly a student does in his/her reading and studies generally at school particularly after writing the examination.
History – The continuum of events occurring in succession leading from the past to the present and even into the future.
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