A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF PUPILS/CHILDREN MORAL CONDUCT IN PRE PRIMARY SCHOOL AND IT’S IMPLICATION ON THEIR ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN OJO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF LAGOS STATE.
The research focus on the comparative study of pupils/children moral conduct in pre primary school. Pre-primary education begins the foundation of any countries educational system is also the bedrock upon which success and failure of all effort put into the educational system as a whole could be evaluated. Pre-primary education is the basic education made available for children between the age 0-5 years. The aim of the research will be as follows: To improve moral and academic level of pupils in both public and primary school, to administer effective means by which suggestion has regard moral excellence in both sector (public and Private pre-primary school) could be translated into reality and impact the pupil positively. This study use in perception of public and primary school pupils in other to identify factors or courses influencing academic performance of pupils in schools, subsequently responses of the respondents to the questionnaire are ranked using chi-square to establish the difference. The research was concluded by making suggestions that would be of benefit caregivers, teachers, parent, pupils, and government as well as the general public. Three research questions and hypotheses were also constructed.
TABLE OF CONTENT
Title Page i
Table of Content vii
- Background to the Study
- Statement of the Problem
1.3 Purpose of the Study
1.4 Research Questions
1.5 Research Hypothesis
1.6 Significance of the Study
1.7 Delimitation of the Study
1.8 Definition of Operational Terms
2.0 Literature Reveal of Related
2.1 Pre-Primary Education
2.2 Academic Performance and Conduct
2.3 The Objective of Pre-Primary Education to
Pupils’ Moral Conduct and Academic Performance
- Comparison of Both Public and Private
- the roles of government in ensuring quality
and standard in both public and private
pre- primary schools
3.1 Research Design
3.2 Population of the Study
3.3 Sample and Sampling Technique
3.4 Research Instrument and Instrumentation
3.5 Validity of the Instrument
3.6 reliability of the instrument
3.7 Administration of the Instruments
3.8 Data Analysts
4.0 Presentation and Analysis of Data
5.0 Summary, Conclusion and Recommendations
- BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
Academic performance and moral excellence have sometimes been treated as separate skills that are not related in anyway. However, with the integer-rated approach to teaching and learning. It was found out that those two skills are actually closely related and could most often be regarded as one unified skills with academic excellence and vice versa.
Pupils/children moral conduct in pre-primary school and their academic performance have for sometimes been treated, as separate skills that are not related in anyways.
However, with the integrative approach to teaching and learning, it was found out that these two skills are actually closely related and could mostly be regarded as one unified skill with academic achievement acting as one stimulant for moral excellence and vice versa.
The free dictionary define moral as the teaching or exhibiting goodness or correctness of character and behavior and also conforming to standards of what is right or just in behavior, virtuous.
Sila (2002) argued that ‘moral conduct is the principle of human behavior that promotes orderly and peaceful existence in a community.
Rules of moral conduct are to be found in every religion, usually they compromise list of actions from which to abstain, implying that any actions not covered by the prohibitions and the permissible.
According to Oladipo (2002) ‘pre-primary education is the first stage of compulsory education.
Moral conduct and academic performance are very essential to the public development, since the pupils has to understand what they learn in the school so as to be able to communicate, read and write effectively etc. The two skills serve several purpose and functions which include personal, social and academic.
In addition, this skills merease the pupils awareness and understanding of social problems, enable them to form a moral code for themselves and to encourage them to try to transform their lives to face the future realities and academic challenges but how well do our pupils perform in moral conduct perhaps a look at the moral conduct of both of the private and public pre-primary schools.
Cheney (2002) argued that “academic performance is not an activity to be pursued in isolation from any skill area” pupils go to preprimary school in other to develop communication skill, read write, observe etc. These could be the goal of pupils at this level. However, as the pupil approaches the teachers (who happen to be the source of learning) such pupil is expected to be of good moral behavior and conduct in order to get the best from the teacher.
Academic performance are very essential to the people development, since pupils has to understand what the teacher will teach, to be able to communicate, read and write effectively, the two skills have several purposes and functions, which include personal/social and academic.
- STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
The Researcher identified some problems that in both private and public pre-primary schools.
- Such problems includes:
- Problems associated with pupil’s upbringing.
- Problems of lack adaisical attitude of teacher in public and private pre-primary schools.
The problems of moral decadence on both private and public pre-primary schools
The researcher intends to examine the problem of pupils academic performance and moral conduct in both public and private preprimary school.
Four (4) selected primary schools in all will be selected two each from both public and private preprimary school in Ojo Local Government Educational District of Lagos State.
In some preprimary schools in Ojo Local Government District, it has been observed that in every classroom, there maybe four or more truant and unserious student and also children who stay away from school whose control may eventually affect the child or children adversely.
From all indications a child who is not regular in school and stays away from home is likely to join bad companies and be exposed to the world at large from where he might be taught the act of stealing, hooliganism and might even become an armed robber.
1.3 PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
The study is designed to identify the relationship between the academic and moral conduct of pupils in both public and private preprimary schools with reference to Ojo Local Education District.
In specific terms, the study will seek to find out the importance of caregivers and facilities in quality and quantity and the subsequent outcome of the teaching learning process in both public and private preprimary schools.
This process is being carried out in order to determine the significant relationship between the caregivers characteristics such as ages, sex, teaching experience, academic qualification, and pupils academic performance and moral conduct in both public and private preprimary schools, identify relationship between the organizational climate of the school and pupils academic performance in both public and private preprimary school. Appraise the teaching methods and leadership style used by the caregiver or head teachers and the facilities available in both public and private preprimary school and also sees to find out the significant relationship between school discipline and pupils academic performance in both public and private preprimary schools.
1.4 RESEARCH QUESTIONS
The research attempts to provide answer to the following research questions:
- Is there any significant relationship between pupil’s moral conduct and academic performance?
- Is there any significant relationship between parent’s or caregiver’s positive influences on pupils academic performance?
- Is there any significant relationship between school administrative process and pupils moral development?
- RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS
Three hypotheses shall be tested by the research. These include:
Ho1: There is no significant relationship between pupil’s moral conduct and academic performance.
Ho2: There is no significant relationship between parent/caregivers positive influence on pupils academic performance.
Ho3: There is no significant relationship between administrative process and pupil’s moral development.
1.6 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
It is reveal that private pre-primary school pupils perform better than their counter part form public pre-primary schools in terms of academic performance and moral conduct.
This study will reveal the possible impact of schools administrators in making public pre-primary competitive and of equal standard with private schools in academic performance and moral conduct.
The care givers should try as much as possible to be effective and efficient in their ways and teaching so as meet the standard of education with the private educational sector.
It will enable the government to be more considerable in supporting and developing of public pre-primary school and also the provision of educational and infrastructural materials so that the public educational sector can match with their counterpart from the private educational sector in achieving the educational goals.
If all this said above by the government are put in place into her public pre-primary school instead of them going to private pre-primary schools to learn.
This study will also allow the general public contribute to the development of public pre-primary schools instead of them waiting for the government to do everything on the improvement of her public pre-primary school sector.
1.7 DELIMITATION OF THE STUDY
The scope of the study will be limited to the randomly selected pre-primary schools in Ojo Local Educational District of Lagos state.
The four (4) primary schools, two each from both public and private pre-primary schools are considered sufficient to study academic performance and moral conduct of pupil in both public and private pre-primary schools within the given time limit.
- DEFINITION OF OPERATIONAL TERMS
Some terms have to be operationally defined for the purpose of clarification such include:
Comparative: Connected with studying things to find out how similar or different they are.
Academic Performance: The act or a process of performing a task, which is usually connected with education especially studying in schools and universities.
Moral: Following the standard of behavior considered acceptable and right by most people.
Skill: The ability to do something.
Learning: Knowledge that you get from reading and studying.
Conduct: A person’s behavior in a particular place or in a particular situation.
Behavior: The way that somebody behaves or act especially towards other people.
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