THEMES OF NEGATIVE TREATMENT OF WOMEN IN THE AFRICAN SOCIETY A CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF BUCHI EMECHETA’S THE JOYS OF MOTHERHOOD
This research work is titled “Themes of Negative Treatment of Women in the African Society: A Critical Analysis of Buchi Emecheta’s The Joys of Motherhood. The objective is to change the way women are viewed and treated, and the significance of the study is to help bring about a positive attitude towards the treatment of women in society. The methodology used for this research is purely archival. The researcher consulted the internet, libraries, and journals and had an in-depth interview with three scholars, and their views formed a part of the findings of this work. This research found that women are often regarded as second class citizens. This study recommends that women generally need to be oriented and encouraged, and awareness should be created to help those who do not know much about the problems women face. This project concludes that enlightened and exposed women should help educate, network, and re-orientate other women to erase stigmatization and ill-treatment.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title page i
Table of contents vi
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
- Background of study 1
- Statement of problem 4
- Purpose of study 4
1.4 Significance of study 5
1.5 Research questions 6
1.6 Scope of study 7
CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW
2.0 Introduction 8
2.1 Concept of feminism 8
2.2 History of feminism 12
2.3 Types of feminism 18
2.4. Factors influencing the negative treatment of women 35
2.5 Suggested solution to the negative treatment of 43
- About the author 46
3.2 Synopsis of the text-The Joys of Motherhood 51
3.3 The ill-treatment of women in the text 58
The Joys of Motherhood
- Analysis of four major characters 61
- Introduction 69
4.1 The style of the author 69
4.2 Narrative techniques 70
4.3 Subject matter 71
4.4 The setting 72
4.5 Plot 75
4.6 Themes 82
4.7 Language 92
4.8 Literary devices 93
4.9 Characterization 97
5.0 Introduction 103
5.1 Summary 103
5.2 Findings 104
5.3 Recommendations 106
5.4 Conclusions 108
Interview questions 111
- BACKGROUND OF STUDY
Feminism is defined as a doctrine or movement that advocates equal rights and opportunities for women.
Feminism is the collection of movements and ideologies to define, establish, and defend equal political, economic, cultural, and social rights for women; This includes seeking to establish equal opportunities for women in education and employment.
The history of feminism can be divided into three periods or waves; first, second and third waves.
First-wave feminism focused on overturning legal inequalities, particularly women’s suffrage. Second-wave feminism broadened debate to include cultural inequalities, gender norms and the roles of women in the society, while the third wave refers to the diverse strains of feminist activities and as a continuation of the second wave.
The Joys of Motherhood is a novel (African) written by Buchi Emecheta. It was first published by Allison and Busby in 1979 and reprinted in Heinemann’s African Writers series. The novel The Joys of Motherhood portrays the picture of women being treated unfairly and seen as inferior to the male gender, and it also depicts the advocacy of equal rights and opportunities for women in African society.
The basis of the novel is the necessity for a woman to be fertile and, above all, give birth to male children, in essence, not viewing female children as important. The novel depicts the turmoil and strife that women in African society suffer from.
The African belief about the female child in the society brings about ill-treatment and inferiority, and it has also made the female child be deprived of some rights such as education and employment.
The Joys of Motherhood tells the tragic story of Nnu-Ego, the daughter of Nwokocha Agbadi and Ona, who had a bad fate with childbearing. In the book, Nnu Ego and her husband give up everything for their sons’ education, but they never thought about giving any form of education to the female children. Daughters were looked at as an investment who would eventually get married and bring in a good bride price, which would likely be used to pay the fees of the male children.
Emecheta focuses on the role of women in traditional African cultures and the conflicts they face as they are forced to assimilate into a colonial-influenced lifestyle.
- STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
Due to customs and beliefs existing in African society, women are seen as inferior and should not be given equal rights and opportunities as the other gender.
The women are seen as just subjects under the men and a mere house material with no value. Due to this belief, the women in the African society are treated unfairly, just as is seen in Buchi Emecheta’s “The Joys of Motherhood”.
So, in this study, the themes of negative treatment of women in the African society will be analyzed, and solutions will be suggested.
- PURPOSE OF STUDY
The purpose of the study is therefore summarized as follows:
- To find out the reason for women’s ill-treatment in African society.
- To find out the attitude and view of the people about the negative treatment of women in the African society.
iii. To proffer solutions to the problem of women’s negative treatment in African society.
- To determine the extent to which the negative treatment affects the life of women.
1.4 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
The result of the study will no doubt be a valuable document to humanity in African society and abroad. It will disclose the effect and disadvantages of the negative treatment of women.
This study will also help in bringing about a positive attitude towards the treatment of women and also encourage women to know and stand for their rights
1.5 RESEARCH QUESTIONS
- What are the factors responsible for the negative treatment of women in African society?
- What are the attitude and views of the people about the negative treatment of women in African society?
iii. What are the solutions to women’s negative treatment in African society?
- How does this treatment affect the lives of these women?