Stress rule for words that end in ATE TURE ING ER MENT
Mastering the English Language: The Rule of words that end in Ate, Ture, Ing, Er, and Ment
One of the more difficult aspects of mastering English is dealing with spelling and grammar rules and exceptions. This article will give you a profound understanding of the often complex but always interesting rules and exceptions that apply to words ending in ate, ture, ing, er, and ment.
A student writes: Dear Teacher, I know what the words ate, ture, ing, er, and ment sound like, but I don’t know how to spell them or use them in sentences.
One major component to mastering the English language lies in knowing its rules, but even more so, knowing when it’s appropriate to break those rules. For example, when you are writing fiction or taking an exam, it’s usually not necessary to use proper grammar or spelling.
What is phonetic spelling?
If you’re concerned about your spelling, phonetic spelling is a good way to help yourself get better. You may have noticed that words can sound different depending on how they are spelt. Take ‘earn’, for example. When it’s written ar, it’s pronounced like arr as in arrest. But when it’s written, it sounds more like our word for wearing glasses or removing weeds from a garden (or just making more work for yourself). Phonetic spelling simply creates a new version of your spellings based on how you hear them spoken. Think of it as a shortcut that makes sense only to you. It doesn’t make much sense to anyone else. However, if you use it consistently, eventually, you’ll be able to remember how something is supposed to be spelt without having to look at a dictionary every time.
Are there exceptions to this rule
There are some exceptions to these rules. For example, mered is often used in place of merit when referring to honour or praise. (There’s not much rhyme or reason why some words adhere to either a spelt-out pronunciation or an abbreviated one.) And many people choose to use one spelling consistently. Regardless of whether you choose to abide by one set of pronunciation rules or another, it’s important to remember that there are no hard-and-fast rules for everything—many instances have exceptions that make them stand out from their peers. If you come across a word where pronunciation has been altered from what’s listed above, go with what sounds correct in your head! As you can see from my examples, I did not follow all of those rules because they sound weird to me.
Also, note that there is only pronounced like sure if it ends a sentence. If it doesn’t end a sentence, it will be pronounced like a turtle. This rule applies to both tures and turrs. So I pronounce sure as sure but turtle as a turtle (or turtle). Sorry about any confusion here, but I’m just following standard American English pronunciation rules since most Americans will read my post rather than British English ones, which apply in America too but differently depending on region and person/people talking etc.
How does pronunciation affect the spelling
As you might have noticed, with words like principal or certain, adding a suffix that begins with an e often changes how we pronounce it. Therefore, your pronunciation will change when you add a suffix that starts with a consonant sound to a word that ends in ate (like justice). Instead of saying just-ice, you’ll say just-tice. If you start with a consonant and add ‘ate’ as your ending, it’ll keep its pronunciation. For example, if we added -ism to ate (and we’d pronounce ate like – ‘izm’), justice would be just-tizm. Got it? Great! You can also use this rule for words ending in ture or ing. Just make sure you know which syllable is stressed when pronouncing your word.
And while we’re on the subject of stress, don’t forget about those pesky exceptions! Words ending in er or ment are pronounced differently than their counterparts without these endings. So remember, if you’re unsure about whether a word is spelt correctly, check out our dictionary here. We’ve got all sorts of other features, including search by voice—so even if you don’t know how to spell something correctly, try it out anyway. Maybe Google knows what you mean.
Examples with Ate, Ture, Ing, Er, and Ment
There are only three exceptions when it comes to the rule-making for words ending in ate, ture, ing and er (and ment). These exceptions all apply to just one letter or number change rather than multiple changes. Examples include; ate/eight/eighty (remember 8 also makes an ate), ture/toure (this is a type of tour), and errant/errand/erring (words meaning to wander). However, most words that follow any grammatical pattern are generally so infrequent that you probably won’t need them on your test anyway.
There aren’t many exceptions to these rules. Here’s what you do need to know. It can be easy to remember ate and eight because they’re similar, but there’s an errand. Don’t let errant throw you off! This word follows ate and eight’s pattern, with no exception. Similarly, there are no exceptions with ing and ment; however, some students still get tripped up by both of these rules due to their similarity with -ant/-ent (meaning full of) endings.
Examples with -er vs -re
Words ending in -er (e.g., server) take -t for both past tense (-ed) and past participle (-d). Words ending in -re (e.g., serve) do not follow that rule. Those words use either -ed or –d as their past tense form (e.g., we served vs they served), while words like server follow a different rule that applies to suffixes beginning with a vowel sound (serve becomes served). If you have difficulty remembering which rules apply to which words, remember that any -er word will still have an r at its end when it’s pluralized.
List of Phonetic Spelling Words
eat (at), cure (kyoor), eringe (uhrinj), menthol (mentul) scent (sahnt), anoint (uhnawnt), stentorian (stentorian). ingratiate is a verb. However, according to most dictionaries, ingrate as a noun is not a real word; instead,, they list it as an example of incorrect use. So if you’re talking about someone being ungrateful, it’s spelt with ingr- rather than with ingr-e. Snobbery is snob’ry or snowberry or snoberry but never snoobery or any other combination.