IMPACT OF FAMILY BACKGROUND ON STUDENTS ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE
The impact of family background on students’ academic performance in business studies; The researcher limited her study to Ojo Local Government Area Educational District. In the study, she used four secondary schools in the Local Government Area. The schools include Community Grammar School Ojo, Oto Awori Grammar School, Ojo High School, and Future High Secondary School. The stated impact of family background affects the students’ academic performance. The researcher talked about parents’ attitudes and students’ motivation toward academic achievement. The researcher also talked about how the family background harms students’ academic performance in business studies.
Background of the study
Several social institutive play significant roles in a student’s socialization; such institution is regarded as agents of socialization from which family comes. The family could be described as the fundamental biological and social group to which a child is born or with which he comes into contact and acquires his basic language skills. It is a group of people related by birth, blood, and marriage who occupy a common household and are usually characterized by economic cooperation and solitary. A family could also be described as the oldest institution on earth which plays a vital role in human society. According to these definitions, a family has formed a social phenomenon within the framework of a child. It is pertinent to know that the early years are very significant in forming basic personality, social and personal identities.
Because of its unique access, parents inculcate ideas and information about society, pass on accepted and unacceptable behavior, and teach how individuals should relate to others.
There are strong ties formed among members of the family. The intensity of emotional and personal ties is so strong that the family can impact the moral, social outlooks, intellectual l and personality development of the child throughout his life. One can, therefore, express that it is within the family that the child learns to play appropriate roles and acquires abilities, attitudes, and models of response that enable him to participate in social life outside the family circle. It is also important in shaping personality and transmitting cultural demands and expectations.
The family has been identified as a source of discipline and the student’s negative attitude toward their academic performance in business studies in schools. Some children lack parental care and attention; the children are not properly or well monitored against their acts or behavior by their parents. Some parents also give excess pocket money and gifts to their children, making them have peer groups inflecting their behavior, smoking hemp, drinking alcohol, and joining bad gangs.
Ogunlade (1983) concluded that it is an undisputed fact that social inequality exists in almost every society. The variation differs from one society to another. In most cases, the social class of every individual is determined by his job. It is believed that the social class and where the form of upbringing and orientation that one experiences are the limit to one’s educational growth. And that parents from a high socioeconomic class are ready to buy anything useful to aid their children’s performance—business studies in schools, such equipment like typewriters, computers, and other useful machines. The rich parents also engage their children in extra moral classes, and they can go as far as employing personal teachers to teach them at home; they can also enroll their children in traditional secretarial schools to assist them in performing better in business studies at schools.
Thus, the psychologist suspects that students’ achievement depends on their foundation.
In the light of the above, a study into the impact of the family background on student academic performance in business studies with particular reference to Ojo Local Government Education District is considered very important.
Statement of problem
The impact of family background on students’ performance in business studies in secondary school has caused a great problem for the students. It affects them psychologically, morally, academically, socially, and physically. Some parents encourage their children to engage in having illegal sexual intercourse in order for them to get money for food and other things needed in the school. Most students nowadays use dangerous objects like knives, razor blades, guns, or charms to threaten their fellow students and teachers. Some students have been a liability to the school; disobedience is rampant among students. There is an adage that says, “charity begins at home.” The parents are the major cause of all these atrocities because of their children’s lack of proper monitoring.
Purpose of the study
This study examines the impact of family background on students’ performance in business studies in some selected junior secondary schools in the Ojo Local Government Education District. Students have different psychological problems on social socio-personal which could be traced back to the home. The way each student in the school setting behaves or relates to the situation could be traced back to his/her family background.
Therefore, students are bound to perform differently due to what they undergo in their different homes.
Specifically, the study will try:
- To explain the concept of family background.
- To enumerate the impact of family background on students’ academic performance in business studies.
- To pinpoint the negative or positive effect of family background on students.
- To highlight the roles of the course in the school setting to correct such effects to help students in the achievement of good academic performance.
Significance of the study
The essence of the study is to show the importance of the home in the lives of adolescents. Many studies showing how the home influence the students have been carried out by Ibanga (1987), Adeleye (1985), and Ogunloye (1987)
According to Ibanga (1987), it is surprising to see many students obtaining low marks below average in the junior secondary school certificate examination (JSSCE). WAEC conducts the main yardstick of academic achievement in Nigeria. This study will reveal the importance of the home in the academic achievement in business studies of the child by attempting to look at the nature and magnitude of the impact of the family background on the academic performance of the students in Business Studies. When parents are aware that the family’s background has a great impact on the performance of their children in school, they will be able to know the direction in which to steer the family. This study will assist guidance and counselors in counseling parents and students who may have such problems.
The study is meant to answer the following research questions
- Is there any impact of family background on student academic performance in Business Studies?
- Does the social-economic background of the family affect students’ academic performance in Business Studies?
- Does the inferiority of family background affect students’ academic performance in Business Studies subjects?
- Will the inability of parents to provide learning materials to their children affect the study of Business Studies?
- There is no significant relationship between family background and students’ academic performance in Business Studies.
- There is no significant relationship between the social-economic background of the family and students’ performance in Business Studies.
- There is no significant relationship between inferiority of family background and students’ performance in Business Studies subject?
- There is no significant relationship between the inability of parents to provide learning materials and students’ performance in Business Studies.
Scope and delimitation of the study
This study will be focused mainly on the effect of family background on student academic performance. It is limited to randomly selected students and teachers in ten (10) junior secondary schools under Ojo Local Government Education District V in Lagos State.
Limitation of the study
The study is limited by time, finance, factor, and mobility. The student, therefore, covers only junior secondary schools in Ojo Local Government Education District in Lagos State.
Definition of terms
Impact: The powerful effect that something has on somebody or something
Socio-economic: Connected with society or the study of the society
Status: The legal position of a person, group, or country
Family background: The details of a person’s family.
Achievement: A thing that somebody has done successfully, especially using their effort and skill.