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economics project topics



Economics is the study of how people, societies, and governments interact with the production and distribution of goods and services. To see a world in terms of economics is to understand how it works.
For most students, economics can be a difficult subject to grasp. That’s why so many turn to outside resources for help in understanding concepts. However, if you want to succeed in economics class you have to work at it. There are plenty of opportunities for economics project topics and  research, from reading up on economic theories and key figures in history to watching videos on YouTube about the consequences of trade policies or even participating in an economic simulation game. Whatever your interests may be, there are plenty of ways that you can explore economics with ease..


The following 10 topics are some of the most popular economics project topics for students. Start your research by looking at the information included for each topic. Check out the resources and titles listed to learn more about each topic.

10 Economics Project Topics You Can Choose for a Project.

Economics is a broad field, covering topics from labor to finance. There are many areas of interest to study within economics, but your interests may be specific. This list of 10 topics will help you choose which direction to take your future research.


1) Labor

2) Financial Markets


3) International Trade

4) Globalization

5) Economic Growth


6) Poverty

7) Inequality

8) Economic Development

9) Economic History

10) The Environment.


Labor is the most fundamental form of economic activity. Labor can be paid or unpaid, but all labor has value and contributes to the economy. Labor includes such activities as mining, farming, and construction work.

Financial Markets

In this topic, you’ll learn about how the financial markets work and what factors can affect them.

You will learn about capital flows in a free market, the role of banks in lending money, and how a country’s currency is related to its financial markets. You will also learn about how financial markets work domestically and internationally.

The greatest misconception about economics is that it is all about money. In reality, economics is a broader discipline with many interesting topics to choose from.


International Trade

The study of international trade consists of three major components: tariffs, quotas, and the balance of payments. Tariffs are taxes imposed by a government on imported goods in order to protect domestic industries from foreign competition. Quotas are limits set on the quantity of imports allowed in a country. The balance of payments is an accounting record that measures a country’s international transactions for goods, services, investments, and financial transfers during a specific time period.




Globalization is the process by which goods, capital, and information move freely across international borders. Despite the potential benefits of this process, globalization has also led to many negative consequences such as: environmental degradation, economic inequality, and workplace injuries.

An example of a benefit of globalization is increased competition between firms in different countries. This competition leads to lower prices for consumers and more innovation. An example of a negative consequence of globalization is that it can lead to economic inequality. When countries get involved in trade with each other they also generally get involved in financial transactions with each other. The result can be that some countries become more dependent on foreign investment than others. These countries end up with little control over their policies and are often at the mercy of global markets which can lead to an increase in poverty rates.


Economic Growth

One of the most important topics in economics is growth. Economic growth means an increase in an economy’s production potential. This can happen through investment, innovation, or increased population. Economists study how fast an economy grows and find ways to encourage economic growth through government policies.

Economic growth also refers to the value of goods and services produced by an economy over time. Economists will often calculate an economic growth rate for a certain period of time, usually years or months. They compare the total amount of goods and services produced with the total amount of goods and services produced during the same period one year ago.

A country experiencing economic growth will see its Gross Domestic Product (GDP) grow over time.

As an example, let’s say Country A has a GDP of $200 billion today but only $150 billion one year ago (a 25% increase). Their economic growth would be 25%



Poverty is a difficult topic to discuss. It’s the state of having less than enough income and resources to provide for basic needs. Poverty has different definitions depending on the country and culture, but it always means people are not able to meet their basic needs. The World Bank defines poverty as living on less than $1.90 a day, which is about $3 in the United States. It’s important that we all work together to end poverty in our lifetime. Poor people often need help from organizations or governments to be able to get the food, shelter, and healthcare they need each day.



Inequality is a tricky topic. It can be defined as the differences in income, wealth, and opportunity among people within an economy. But it’s more than that. Inequality also refers to the gaps between different groups in society: rich and poor; blacks and whites; men and women; heterosexuals and LGBT persons. It not only refers to inequalities of outcome (i.e., how much money someone has), but inequalities of opportunity (i.e., what opportunities someone has).


In order to fight inequality, we need to focus on how we can change the outcomes for certain groups through policy, legislation, etcetera. We also need to develop policies that will lessen inequalities of opportunity (i.e., make sure everyone has the same access to education, healthcare, etcetera).


Economic Development

Economic development is the process of improving the quality of life in a society. The first step is to increase economic activity, which can be achieved through the promotion of international trade, foreign direct investment, and exports. This will create job opportunities for residents that will lead to higher incomes and better living standards.


Economic History

Economic history is a field of study that investigates the developmental patterns and causes of economic growth. The field has been around since the 19th century, but was really popularized by the Keynesian School. In modern times, economic historians have focused on how innovation affects development, as well as how geography and demography affect trade. Economic historians have also analyzed the causes for different types of economies developing in various ways.



Labor economics is a subfield of economics that deals with issues related to employers and employees in a free-market society. Labor economists will examine topics such as wage rates or unemployment rates, examining factors that may have an impact on these statistics. For example, increased immigration may push down wages for some jobs; however, it can push up job availability through increasing labor supply – which reduces unemployment rates overall. Additionally, labor economists will examine labor unions and their impact on wage rates for unionized workers.


The Environment.

The environment is an important economic topic. It can affect many aspects of our economy, from the way goods are produced to the types of goods that are being sold. For example, if the environment changes drastically due to climate change, then it will have an effect on all of us. If there is increased flooding or drought, it will make it more difficult for farmers to grow crops. There may be less energy resources available to power certain types of machinery. The environment affects virtually every aspect of our economy and influences how we live our lives.


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