ACHIEVEMENTS AND ATTITUDINAL PATTERN OF BOYS AND GIRLS TOWARDS BIOLOGY

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ACHIEVEMENTS AND ATTITUDINAL PATTERN OF BOYS AND GIRLS TOWARDS BIOLOGY (A CASE STUDY OF STUDENTS IN SSS III IN SOME SELECTED SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN IFO LOCAL GOVERENMENT EDUCATION DISTRICT OF OGUN-STATE)

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ABSTRACT

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        This study examined the achievements and attitudinal pattern of boys and girls toward biology. A questionnaire comprising of items on background information of the respondents and solicited for attitudes to Biology practical, social implication of biology, career interest, leisure interest and suggestions in achieving a better attitude towards biology as a subject was administered to biology students from selected secondary schools in Ifo local government area. Their senior certificate examination results for 2006 was used in assessing their achievement in biology. The findings indicate that there was a significant difference in the attitude of boys and girls towards biology. There was a difference between the performance of boys and girls from mixed school. Suggestions on how students will achieve more in biology and show positive attitude towards the subject were involved.

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title page                                                       i

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Certification                                                    ii

Dedication                                                      iii

Acknowledgement                                            iv

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Abstract                                                         v

Table of contents                                             vi

CHAPTER ONE

Introduction                                                    1

Statement of problems                                     2

The purpose of the study                                         4

Significance of the study                                   4

Hypothesis                                                      5

Scope/delimitation                                           5

CHAPTER TWO

Literature review                                                         6

CHAPTER THREE

Methodology                                                               24

Design                                                                       24

Target population                                                                24

Sample                                                                      25

Sampling techniques                                                    25

Instrumentation                                                          26

Data                                                                          27

CHAPTER FOUR

Finding and analysis                                                     29

CHAPTER FIVE

Summary, conclusion and recommendations                   37

Summary                                                                   37

Conclusion                                                                  38

Recommendation                                                        39

Suggestion                                                                 40

Bibliography                                                               42

Appendix                                                                    44

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

Biology is the science of living systems. It is however inherently. Inter-disciplinary, requiring a knowledge of the physical sciences and mathematics, although specialties may be oriented toward a group of organisms or a level of organization.

This subject is being made compulsory for every student in the secondary schools, so a large number of students register for it in the senior secondary school certificate examinations.

The performance of students in biology at the senior secondary certificate examination level over the years have shown a downward trend inspite of the position occupied by biology in our society, it is sad to note that it is a subject which parents, students and teachers complain about.

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As a result of poor understanding of biology concepts, lack of success, feeling of frustration and insecurity a lot of intelligent students have developed negative attitudes towards learning of biology.

Furthermore, the magnitude of sex – differences has not been found to be inform across subject areas. Science subjects such as mathematics, chemistry and physics are found difficult by most students who tend to avoid them, but with biology, it is not so.

Since, the very beginning of human history, men have taken an interest in what they saw, particularly in everything that moves and grows and can be alive.

Biology is not abstract and as such, it is very interesting. Since it deals with living thing.

The pathetic story about this subject is that students achievements so far has been poor. As a result of the poor performances of students, this study is aimed at finding out the attitudes of boys and girls.

Hence the SSS III student have to be used.

STATEMENTS OF PROBLEM

       Reason for this study is mainly to find out the achievements and attitudinal pattern of boys and girls in biology.

It was noted that the performances so far have not been very encouraging, poor understanding of biology concepts, lack of success, feeling of frustration, insecurity, has made students show negative attitude towards biology.

Thus, from the above preamble and explanation, the investigation will make attempt in finding out how best the attitudes and achievements of students in biology can be improved.

THE PURPOSE OF THE STUDY

       The purpose of the study is summarized as follows:

  1. To find out the attitudes and achievement of SSS II students towards biology.
  2. To find out the factors responsible for such attitude.
  3. To find out the steps to take in order to improve the performance.
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SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

       The result of this study will provide basis for effective guidance by secondary school teachers to modify or reinforce students attitude towards biology. It is also hoped that the finding of this study will provoke further research in biology.

HYPOTHESIS

  1. There is no significant difference between the attitude of boys and girls towards biology in mixed schools.
  2. There is no significant difference between the attitudes of students in mixed schools and single schools towards biology.
  3. There is no significant difference between the performance of boys and girls in biology in mixed schools.

SCOPE/DELIMITATION

       It is the intention of the researcher to find out the effect of sex on biology at the senior secondary school level. This study will be focused mainly on students relations (attitude) towards biology adopted by their school teachers in some selected secondary schools in Ifo Local Education District.

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