A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF CONVENTIONAL TEACHING METHOD AND STUDENTS ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN ACCOUNTING
This project was carried out to compare the conventional teaching methods and academic performance of students in accounting of senior secondary Schools in Epe local government area of Lagos state. In the course of study, some questionnaire constructed and administered based on the research hypotheses. Data was collected using random sampling techniques. Hence this work discussed the comparative of study conventional teaching and student’s academic performance in accounting in some selected secondary in Epe Local Government. The study was based on collection of data and its analysis. Two hypotheses were formulated. The first examine the relationship between teaching methods and student academic performance.
TABLE OF CONTENT
Table of Content vi
1.0 Introduction 1
1.1 Background to the study 1
1.2 Statement of the problem 4
1.3 Purpose of the study 5
1.4 Significant of the study 5
1.5 Research Questions 6
1.6 Research Hypotheses 6
1.7 Scope of the study 7
1.8 Limitation of the study 8
1.9 Definition of Terms 9
2.0 Literature Review 10
2.1 Factor to Be Consider In Using A Teaching Method 11
2.2 Types of Teaching Methods for Computer Science 15
2.3 Definitions of Computer 27
2.4 Brief History Development of Computer System 28
2.5 Use Of Computer In Education 30
3.0 Research Methodology 36
3.1 Research Design 36
3.2 Population 36
3.3 Sample and Sampling Technique 36
3.4 Instrument for Data Collection 37
3.5 Validation of Instrument 37
3.6 Reliability of Instrument 38
3.7 Method of Data Collection 38
3.8. Method of Data Analysis 38
4.0 Data Analysis and Discussion of Findings 39
4.1 Presentation and Analysis 39
4.2 Discussion of Findings 44
5.0 Summary, Conclusions and Recommendations 46
5.1 Summary 46
5.2 Conclusion 47
5.3 Recommendation 48
1.1 Background to the Study
Education as a process, has teaching as one of its parts and it is as old as man. Its main business is to develop an individual stalls, competences and intellectual capabilities which will enable them to live effectively in a complex society like Nigeria. Teaching aids learning which result into a change in the behaviour of an individual. Teaching can be regarded as the organization of learning. The problem of a successful teaching is too organize for authentic result (2007) to them (Sadiku S.O and Ogidan E.M).
Teacher should be judged by result that last cons and which a learner can actually use in his life. Result of a good teaching should therefore enter the personality of the learners, shape his mental development, affect his thinking and influence his action. Good teaching is democratic hence, the teacher needs to provide for individual differences in the classroom.
Success in teaching depends largely on the teachers ability to provide positive reinforcement, maintain appropriate discipline, inspire interest in the subject matter, present an existing and challenging lesson, use appropriate logic diction and a pleasant tone of voice exhibit warmth and hunour provide a bright and cheerful classroom.
Therefore, the primary task of a teacher is to teach, so the question now is how do we measure the effectiveness of a teacher with regards to the dissemination of knowledge? A needless say is not to judge effectively if he merely carries in his mental luggage, a mass of theoretical information about the content of the subject matter. Rather it should be considered effectively if he is able to convey information, ideas and knowledge to learners in such an effective manner that learning is produced. Although processing a mastery of the content is one of them.
How is it taught to achieve the stated objective is most crucial. The means adopted by a teacher to transfer knowledge to learner is known as a method, the contemporary classroom teacher is adequately equipped with a variety of teaching methods to enable him achieve his pedagogical objectives. Given that abundance surplus of method, a teacher is faced with problem of choice. The fact of the matter is that a teachers’ method is influential by a member of variable which makes it mandatory for a teacher to weight carefully the relative strength and weakness of the various methods adopted in lesson.
The most appropriate method of teaching in a particular topic, a teacher must take into cognizance a number of factors. Prominent among these according to Oladipo (2002) are the nature of learner, the nature of the subject, the objective of the lesson, the timing of the lesson, the environment of setting, the teacher’s performance, the availability of equipment and so on with the view above, the researcher sought to work at these various teaching method that are considered conventional and the new scientific method of teaching that is associated with the use of computer. The nature of education as a subject or discipline is dynamic and it has to do with the latest method of teaching. Despite the use of computer for information in discrete subject for quite some time now. It application to education instruction has not been adequately encouraged, since the advent of education about centuries ago in the western world. It has began to spread to other parts of the world especially African which called for new method of instruction. Therefore, the project method (activities method) where children were no longer passive receiver of fact but looking up and engrossing themselves in discovery and busy activities were advocated.
In Nigeria, however, emphases was placed on innovative instructional strategies including inquiry method, problem solving method, stimulation games, dramatization, discussion, creative activities methods value clarification method, public controversial issue method and exposing method.
Furthermore, computer instruction or programmed instruction has been around for quite long ago, not many (Nigerian) educators have been educated for these innovative strategies to be employed in the educational system.
1.2 Statement of the Problem
It is believed that current method of teaching in educational system does not provide meaningful and effective cognitive learning. The various curricular innovations that have been used in most discipline need to be explored in educational system.
Besides, many investigations have been carried out in the methodology of teaching and learning. This question arises that what is the appropriate method of teaching that a teacher use to be effective and make learning meaningful to the learners. The fact remains that there is no methodology that is not good but it all depends on the teacher to adopt such that will be helpful in his teaching and that will make such learning meaningful to the student which will make them work at their own pace.
To this end, it is expected that a comparative study is needed to find out if there is any relationship between the use of this conventional teaching method in our educational system and the educational attainment of students. Since computer has taken over all sphere of life including education, therefore it is expected that computer usage in educational system will help in the improvement of our educational system.
1.3 Purpose of the Study
The study is a compilation of conventional teaching method and student academic performance in accounting on senior secondary school students and was conducted to achieve the following goals.
- To determine the impact of teaching instruction on the academic performance of students.
- To determine the difference in the sex of student in the usage of teaching methods.
- To determine the contribution of computer assisted instruction in the effective teaching and learning process.
1.4 Research Question
The following research questions were asked:
- Is there any significant relationship between the usage of appropriate teaching methods and student academic performance?
- Is there any significant relationship between the male and female taught with conventional methods of teaching?
1.5 Research Hypotheses
The following research hypotheses shall be considered for this study:
- There will be no significant relationship between the usage of appropriate teaching methods and students academic performance.
- There will be no significant relationship between the the male and female taught with conventional methods of teaching.
1.6 Significance of the Study
The careful selection and skillful use of the conventional methods is imperative to effective teaching and learning in our secondary school level. This underscores the importance of methods of teaching for the advancement of educational development on the part of the students in the teaching process.
This research will assist government and private secondary schools administrators with the hope of achieving sustainability in school, to improve the method of teaching in educational system and retirement of trained man power for encouragement – the secondary school level in addition, it will:
- Create awareness on the part of the teacher, that teaching and learning activities – the classroom can be effectively enhanced by the adoption of the right and relevant teaching method.
- Enable the student enhances right attitude towards several aspects of schooling.
- Enable the curriculum planner and developers to assist teacher in improving their teaching method programme through the use of appropriate instruction. This is necessary since the effectiveness of the curriculum lies largely in the ability it is been used.
1.7 Limitation of the Study
The research finding has some limitation’s that have effect in order to cover a wide scope. These include:-
- The topic can only be carried out in restricted school due to the extensive nature of the state in which it is undertaken.
- Most instructions are been handled by some non-professional individual that are not capable to train the trainees.
- It is only limited to only senior secondary school.
- Time is another constraint, the research will be limited to some school to save time.
However, the limitation notwithstanding, it is hoped that the findings of the study will be easier for both the teacher and the pupils to adjust where need.
The individual difference in student and family background may also influence the result of the study therefore, the writing is based on the available textbooks in the libraries, oral interview and personal experiences during the teaching practice exercise.
1.8 Scope of the Study
This project covers the various teaching methods and students academic performance in accounting in some selected secondary schools. Since various teaching method from part of teaching and learning situation. It is an aspect that the researcher is familiar with but because of the time constraint and financial handicap, the study is limited to selected schools in Epe Local Government Area of Lagos State.
1.9 Definition of Terms
The following terms are used in research work:
Method – is defined as a overall strategies, processes means and techniques employed by a teacher to enable him achieve his objectives.
Method of teaching – refers to the instructional strategies designed and adopted by the teacher to facilitates teaching on his part and on the part of the student.
Learning process – can be interpreted to mean changes in behaviour (knowledge, skills, habit, thoughts, sentiments) which is brought about through interaction with the environment.
Academic Performance:- This refers to the level of grade or scores that a student obtains in class test or internal and external examination after due process of evaluation.
Computer Based Instruction – are the broadest term and refer to eventually any kind of computer used in educational setting including drill and practice, tutorials, simulations, instructional management, supplementary exercises, programming, date development, writing using word processors and applications.
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